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JetBlue-Spirit Airways Proposed Deal: A Skift Timeline



Skift Take

The proposed JetBlue-Spirit merger has many twists and turns within the final yr, and this is a take a look at the main developments of a deal that might shake up the airline trade.

The proposed merger of JetBlue Airways and Spirit Airways has been one of many journey trade’s most watched developments over the previous yr and a half, with the 2 carriers aiming to create the U.S.’ fifth largest home airline.


Earlier than JetBlue and Spirit proposed merger, Spirit was trying to be a part of forces with Frontier Airways. So how has the whole situation performed out? Right here’s a timeline of the large deliberate merger, together with its main developments.

February 2022: Frontier and Spirit Comply with Merge in $6.6 Billion Inventory and Debt Deal

Frontier and Spirit unveiled plans in February 2022 to merge in a deal that might create the U.S.’ fifth-largest provider and one serving greater than 145 locations in 19 nations.

The transaction is valued at $6.6 billion, together with the $2.9 billion fairness worth of Spirit in addition to web debt and working lease liabilities. 


They aimed to shut the transaction within the second half of 2022.

A number of public advocacy teams the next month known as on U.S. regulators to dam Frontier and Spirit’s proposed merger. Public Citizen, Battle for the Future and 7 different teams wrote in a letter to the Transportation and Justice Departments that the deal “would destroy competitors in the one aggressive market phase of the extremely consolidated airline trade.”

Eight lawmakers — together with Senators Elizabeth Warren (D-Massachusetts) and Bernie Sanders (I-Vermont) and Consultant Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-New York) — wrote a separate letter expressing their considerations concerning the merger, saying the “ensuing Spirit-Frontier provider might damage shoppers in quite a few methods, consolidating market energy for the airways and decreasing selections for vacationers.”


April 2022: JetBlue Submits $3.6 Billion Bid For Spirit

Spirit confirmed in April 2022 that it obtained an unsolicited supply from JetBlue, which Spirit stated proposed to amass “all the excellent shares of Spirit’s frequent inventory in an all-cash transaction for $33.00 per share.” JetBlue’s $3.6 billion bid affords traders a $700 million premium over the $2.9 billion Frontier-Spirit merger.

Skift reported it’s unsure if a JetBlue-Spirit deal would obtain approval as JetBlue is underneath regulatory scrutiny for its partnership with American Airways, referred to as the “Northeast Alliance.”

Spirit stated in April 2022 that it began talks with JetBlue concerning its $3.6 billion supply. Reuters reported that both doable consequence — merging with JetBlue or Frontier — would absolutely invite shut scrutiny from U.S. antitrust authorities, who’ve taken an aggressive stance towards offers they imagine would scale back competitors and lift costs.


Could 2022: Spirit Turns Down JetBlue Bid For Frontier Merger

Spirit stated in Could 2022 that it might proceed to a search a $2.9 billion merger with Frontier Airways as an alternative of accepting JetBlue’s supply. Edward Russell, editor of Skift publication Airline Weekly, reported Spirit rejected JetBlue’s bid as a result of it imagine that deal wouldn’t obtain approval along with it being it too dangerous for its stakeholders.

“We don’t imagine the (Division of Justice) will probably be persuaded that JetBlue ought to be allowed to amass Spirit in an anticompetitive transfer that might remove the most important (low cost) provider,” Spirit CEO Ted Christie stated in a letter to the corporate’s administration group.

June 2022: JetBlue Continues to Pursue Deal With Spirit

Frontier’s father or mother firm stated it might pay Spirit a $250 million break-up charge if regulators didn’t approve the deliberate Spirit-Frontier union for antitrust causes, an try and win over Spirit shareholders.


In response to Frontier’s supply, JetBlue elevated its reverse break-up charge to $350 million and stated it might pre-pay $164 million of that quantity in its newest supply to Spirit shareholders. JetBlue additionally submitted a $3.4 billion hostile supply for Spirit, with JetBlue CEO Robin Hayes arguing {that a} JetBlue-Spirit merger was essential to create a competitor at scale to the 4 largest U.S. airways: American, Delta, Southwest, and United.

After a report from J.P. Morgan analyst Jamie Baker stated the chance of a JetBlue-Sprit merger was enhancing, Spirit stated its board of instructions was actively engaged in discussions with JetBlue. Frontier CEO Barry Biffle despatched a letter to Christie expressing his concern a couple of lack of assist from each Spirit executives and its shareholders.

July 2022: Spirit Repeatedly Delays Shareholder Votes; Rejects Frontier

In July 2022, Spirit pushed again vital shareholder votes on the proposed merger with Frontier — in addition to JetBlue’s hostile supply — for the fourth time. Biffle requested Spirit to delay a vote, arguing that Spirit was nonetheless very removed from receiving approval from its shareholders. Shareholder group Institutional Shareholder Companies suggested Spirit traders to vote towards a proposed merger with Frontier.


Spirit introduced throughout its second quarter earnings name that the corporate’s planner merger with Frontier was off, enabling Spirit to just accept JetBlue’s supply.

“JetBlue now seems victorious in its pursuit of Spirit. All that’s left is negotiating particulars with Spirit’s administration,” stated Jay Shabat, senior analyst at Skift publication Airline Weekly. “Spirit’s shareholders have spoken.”

October 2022: Spirit Shareholders Approve JetBlue Merger

Greater than half of Spirit traders voted in favor of its merger with JetBlue in October 2022, which Russell famous was a key — however not remaining — step within the transaction.


He added that JetBlue and Spirit nonetheless needed to safe regulatory approval from the U.S. Justice Division earlier than the merger might shut. That was a removed from a actually with the Biden administration more and more taking a tough line towards consolidation in main industries.

March 2023: U.S. Sues to Block Merger

The U.S. Division of Justice filed a lawsuit to dam the JetBlue-Spirit merger, citing considerations about competitors. The division stated the merger would damage shoppers by elevating airfares on common 30%, particularly in markets the place each carriers are massive.

However Russell reported that JetBlue had an infinite bargaining chip it might supply the Justice Division in trade for approval of its merger with Spirit — its so-called Northeast Alliance with American Airways.


The division had contended that partnership, which permits JetBlue and American to promote tickets on one another’s flights, would scale back competitors on the East Coast. Russell wrote that JetBlue CEO Hayes and different firm executives had repeatedly stated the alliance will not be on the desk for its proposed merger with Spirit.

JetBlue and Spirit’s efforts to merge suffered a significant blow that month when the U.S. Transportation Division denied an exemption request by the 2 carriers to function underneath frequent possession, citing the antitrust lawsuit.

The Justice Division’s push to thwart the merger obtained a lift that month when the legal professional generals of California, Maryland, New Jersey, and North Carolina signed on to the lawsuit.


Could 2023: Federal Court docket Guidelines In opposition to JetBlue-American Northeast Alliance

A federal choose dominated in Could that American and JetBlue needed to finish their alliance inside 30 days, agreeing with the Justice Division that their partnership resulted in increased costs for shoppers. U.S. District Decide Leo Sorokin stated the partnership “considerably diminishes competitors within the home marketplace for air journey.”

July 2023: JetBlue Drops Battle For American Alliance to Deal with Spirit

Russell reported in July that JetBlue wouldn’t struggle to protect its alliance with American, focusing as an alternative on securing approval for the merger with Spirit. Nevertheless, he wrote that ending that partnership wouldn’t assure that the Justice Division would approve it.

Subsequent Steps

The Division of Justice lawsuit to dam the proposed JetBlue-Spirit merger will go to trial on October 16. U.S. District Decide William Younger has stated he goals to problem a ruling by the top of the yr.

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