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New NOC Codes In Canada: Step-Wise Guide To Find Your NOC



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On November 16, IRCC switches to the new 2021 National Occupational Classification (NOC) version in alignment with Employment and Social Development of Canada (ESDC). It implies that the NOC 2016 skill type and skill level framework (NOC 0, A, B, C, and D) will now be represented by new 6-category system representing the training, education, experience, and responsibilities (TEER) required to work in an occupation.

As a result, the previous four-digit codes will become five digits under the new NOC 2021. It will also impact the eligibility criteria for all programs that use NOC. To prepare for these changes, you can learn the following in this article:

Steps to find new NOC code

Step 1: Visit the National Occupational Classification (NOC) official website.

NOC 2021 and TEER

Step 2: You can search by job title or NOC code on this page. If you want to search by job title, look for the “Version” section, then click on the box below it that says “NOC 2016 Version 1.3.” Then, it will open a drop-down menu and select the latest “NOC 2021 Version 1.3.”

NOC 2021 and TEER

Step 3: Once you select the new NOC 2021 version, enter your job title to find your NOC 2021 code and TEER category.

NOC 2021 and TEER

Below is an example of a job titled Marketing Coordinator. You also view other matching job titles.

NOC 2021 and TEER

Understanding New NOC categories

All programs that previously used skill types or levels will now use NOC 2021 codes and TEER categories.

Most positions will remain in the TEER category, corresponding to the skill level in the table below. However, certain jobs may change to other TEER categories. The most significant change is the subdivision of Skill Level B jobs that will now become TEER 2 or TEER 3 jobs.


The table below explains the distribution between skill types or levels and corresponding TEER categories.

NOC 2021 and TEER
NOC 2021 and TEER

Immigration Programs that new NOC will affect

Generally, all programs that have used NOC skill types or levels to invite applicants will be affected. Therefore, all the programs below will switch to using NOC 2021 codes and TEER levels.

Additionally, several occupations will become eligible and ineligible under specific programs due to the new NOC 2021 implementation.

Frequently Asked Questions regarding new TEER system

Do you need to update your Express Entry profile as new NOC is implemented?
Suppose you are an Express Entry candidate who submitted your profile before November 16 but has not yet received an Invitation to Apply (ITA). Then, you must update your Express Entry profile with your new NOC 2021 code and TEER category.

If you receive an ITA before November 16, you can submit your Express Entry application using the NOC 2016 system. In addition, you can also refer to the NOC code mentioned on your ITA receipt and submit your application accordingly. However, there is no need for you to update to NOC 2021 if you received an ITA before November 16.


How will new NOC affect CRS scores?
The points distribution would be similar to what it has been with NOC 2016. Such as, so far, Express Entry applicants with arranged employment in Skill Levels 0, A and B have received 50 additional points.

With NOC 2021, applicants will receive 50 additional points for arranged employment provided their NOC is in TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3.

Similarly, you will continue to receive points for Canadian education. However, your work experience must be in occupations that are TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3.


How can you prepare for new NOC?
To be prepared, you can be mindful of the new changes in the TEER lead statements and primary duties. Although most duties may be similar, your work experience letter must reflect the duties mentioned in your new NOC 2021 code and TEER category.

Moreover, you must continue to match the duties in your NOC 2021 occupation if you want to claim points for the skilled experience inside and outside Canada.

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  • Canada PNPs That Invite Express Entry Profiles With Low CRS ScoreMonday, 14 November 2022, 9:28 AM EST

    One of the ways to obtain permanent residency in Canada is through the provincial nominee programs (PNPs). These programs can also help those looking for permanent residency options from inside or outside Canada. Canada has numerous provincial nominee programs available, each with different eligibility criteria.

    While most of the PNPs require applicants to create an expression of interest (EOI) with PNP, but there are certain PNPs that scan active Express Entry profiles (inside or outside Canada profiles) and invite them directly.


    Provinces use their provincial nominee programs to fill labour market vacancies specific to the province. It is also why most PNPs seek applicants with in-demand job skills and experience. This article enlists provincial nominee programs that invite applicants directly from the Express Entry pool with low CRS score.

    Ontario Human Capital Priorities Stream

    Ontario is Canada’s most popular immigration destination, and many newcomers are attracted to the vibrant city of Toronto and its expanding tech jobs market. The province also has the largest quota for welcoming immigrants through its PNP programs. 

    Last year in 2021, Ontario nominated 3,513 candidates under the Human Capital Priorities stream. This year (2022), Human Capital Priorities stream has already invited 3,076 Express Entry Profiles. Lowest invited CRS cut off score of invited profiles was 455.


    Even though Ontario has one of the largest quotas of any province, Ontario wants to bring in even more immigrants. To address the labour shortage in the province, Ontario’s Labour Minister Monte McNaughton recently asked for a doubling of the number of immigrants permitted under the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) from 9,000 to 18,000 immigrants.

    The Ontario Human Capital Priorities stream is an excellent choice for people who reside outside of Canada. This stream prioritizes qualified candidates who can fill skilled job positions in the province.

    Ontario PNP Human Capital Priorities stream uses the federal Express Entry system. Candidates must have an active Express Entry profile and a CRS score of 400 or higher. Then, Ontario reviews all Express Entry profiles and invites specific profiles to apply to the PNP, generally based on a group of NOC codes and a specific CRS range.


    This stream targets Express Entry profiles with tech occupations and priority occupations.

    Ontario French-Speaking Skilled Workers stream

    Another option is through Ontario’s PNP French-Speaking Skilled Workers stream. Again, interested candidates should have a valid Express Entry profile. This program is great for applicants with intermediate to advanced french proficiency. 

    In 2022, French-Speaking Skilled Workers stream invited 1,379 Express Entry Profiles. Lowest CRS score invited in 2022 was 326 in September 2022.

    Since Ontario has large immigration quotas and frequently organizes draws, it is one of the simpler provinces in Canada for qualified applicants to obtain permanent residency.


    Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities

    On Canada’s east coast, by the Atlantic Ocean, is the province of Nova Scotia. Many would-be immigrants find the province their ideal choice because of its proximity to the ocean, affordable cost of living, and relaxed way of life.

    Nova Scotia’s Labour Market Priorities stream also chooses candidates directly from the Express Entry pool. This PNP is considered one of the simplest for international applicants to receive PR because it frequently invites profiles without a link to the province.

    However, before the draws, Nova Scotia doesn’t disclose its selection criteria, although it frequently extends an invitation to applicants who have no ties to the province. Interested candidates must have an active Express Entry profile and should indicate their interest in the province of Nova Scotia. 


    Candidates who Nova Scotia invites may secure their chance to obtain a provincial nomination. Successful candidates gain an additional 600 points toward their CRS score because the stream also uses Express Entry. With these extra points, receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) in a federal Express Entry draw is almost guaranteed.

    Alberta’s Express Entry Stream

    Some of Canada’s most economically advanced cities, like Calgary and Edmonton, are found in the western province of Alberta. As a result, Alberta is a prominent province for potential immigrants, with a growing job economy and excellent educational institutions.

    Candidates are chosen from the federal Express Entry pool to apply for provincial nomination through the Alberta Express Entry stream. One significant advantage of this stream is that they may accept Express Entry candidates with CRS scores as low as 300, which means that more candidates in the pool will be eligible for a Notification of Interest from the province.


    It is important to note that an invitation from Alberta’s Express Entry stream require a CRS score of 300 or above. The Alberta Advantage Immigration Program does not disclose the extra targeted criteria; however, it does disclose the CRS score of the lowest-ranking applicant from each round of invites.

    Therefore, the following factors could improve a candidate’s chances, but are not mandatory:

    • Holding prior work experience in Alberta 
    • Getting a valid job offer from an Alberta employer 
    • Having family or relatives in the province who are permanent residents or Canadian citizens 
    • Completing an education credential from a Canadian post-secondary institution 

    The federal Express Entry program is the foundation for Alberta’s Express Entry stream. Therefore, a candidate’s CRS score will rise by 600 points due to receiving a provincial nomination, effectively ensuring they will be offered a PR Invitation to Apply (ITA) in the next Express Entry draw.

    Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker

    The province of Saskatchewan, situated in Canada’s prairies, has grown in popularity as an immigrant destination due to its strong economic growth and employment prospects. This province requires creation of Expression of Interest (EOI) and you can apply for SINP even without Express Entry profile.


    We included this option as it is one of the most attractive PNP often inviting qualifying applicants with low scores.

    Under Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker PNP are the Occupation In-Demand and Express Entry streams. These streams intend to attract candidates with experience in the in-demand occupations in the province. Moreover, the International Skilled Worker streams use an Expression of Interest (EOI) system to hand pick candidates. 

    To submit an Expression of Interest (EOI), candidates must have a minimum of one year of experience in a field that isn’t on the SINP’s Excluded Occupations List. In addition, candidates must have completed post-secondary education for at least one year and have the ability to speak English or French. 


    Anyone who meets Saskatchewan’s minimal eligibility requirements, including earning at least 60 points on their Points Assessment Grid, is eligible to submit an EOI profile. After submission, the SINP EOI draws will invite candidates with the most competitive SINP scores and those in in-demand occupations. 

    Moreover, candidates who qualify for Express Entry can apply to the Saskatchewan Express Entry stream to have their application for permanent residency processed more quickly. However, people who cannot submit an Express Entry profile can still apply through the Saskatchewan Occupations In-Demand stream.

    • Canada Work Visa For Up To 90 Days Without LMIA Via GATSFriday, 11 November 2022, 3:30 PM EST

      A faster route to a Canadian work visa without requiring a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is through the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). It allows skilled foreign workers under three categories to work in Canada for up to 90 days. 

      Know General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)?

      The World Trade Organization oversees the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), and Canada is one of the member countries. GATS promotes international trade and business travel among its member nations, and there are 164 member countries. 

      A GATS Professional is a person who wants to engage in a professional-level activity in a specific profession as part of a services contract obtained by a company in another Member country.


      Nevertheless, the person must possess the necessary academic credentials and qualifications recognized by the Canadian professional association. 

      Regarding temporary admission of individuals, Canada granted access to three types of business people without the need for a labour market impact assessment: 

      • Business visitors
      • Intra-company transferees
      • Professionals

      The Professionals category is to facilitate the short-term admission of a limited number of professionals employed by Member Nations’ in service sectors that Canada has made commitments.

      To hire highly skilled foreign workers, Canadian companies can use the subcategories of professionals and intra-company transferees. However, there are certain restrictions for professional admission under GATS. The professionals must meet the occupation requirements below. 


      Occupations and requirements under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)

      Covered occupations under GATS

      Group 1: Engineers, Agrologists, Architects, Forestry experts, Geomatics specialists, and Land surveyors.

      Group 2: Foreign legal consultants, urban planners, and senior computer professionals. 

      Professionals in the Group 2 category must meet additional requirements related to the prospective Canadian business and the foreign service provider. There are also restrictions on the number of individuals who can enter specific projects.


      The table below shows the minimal educational, alternative credentials and licensing requirements for GATS professional occupations. 

      Eligibility Criteria for GATS applicants 

      A person from another member country who would like to provide services to a Canadian company is considered a professional under GATS. However, the candidate must:

      • Have citizenship of a Member nation or the right to permanent residence in Australia or New Zealand. Other member countries are listed on The World Trade Organization website. 
      • Have professional qualifications in one of the eligible occupations (listed in the table above). 
      • Provide service under a signed contract between a Canadian service consumer and a service provider from a WTO member country.
        • The foreign service provider must not have a commercial presence in Canada in the case of foreign legal experts, urban planners, and senior computer professionals.
      • Must not provide services in the following sectors: education, health-related services, or recreational, cultural, and sports services.
      • Possess qualifications recognized by a professional organization in Canada.
      • Comply with existing temporary entry immigration regulations, including TRV criteria.
      • The employer in Canada must be engaged in substantive business in the case of foreign legal consultants, urban planners, and senior computer professionals.
      • Senior computer specialists have a cap of ten applicants per project.
      • The maximum time frame allowed is three months or 90 consecutive days within a year with no possible extensions. 

      Required Documents for GATS applicants 

      • Proof of Citizenship of a World Trade Organization member nation or permanent resident status in Australia or New Zealand;
      • Copy of a signed contract between the Canadian service consumer and the service provider;
        • The contract may have been signed by a foreign service provider based in any Member country or by a Canadian-based company established by that foreign service provider to market its services in Canada.
      • Documentation containing the following information:
        • The province of destination and the profession for which entry to Canada is requested;
        • Position details such as job description, employment duration and payment arrangements; and 
        • Education documents or alternative credentials to perform job duties in Canada. 
      • Proof of the applicant’s professional credentials, including copies of degrees, diplomas, professional licenses, accreditation, or registration;
      • Evidence that the relevant Canadian professional association has properly recognized the applicant’s academic credentials and professional qualifications; and
      • A temporary or permanent license, if necessary, issued by the relevant province or territorial authority.

      Remember that GATS Professionals are only allowed to enter for a specific time period. They are given status for the time necessary to finish the job, up to three months, without the possibility of extensions. 

      For more information, refer to IRCC’s official page.

      • Hawaii’s Maui Locals Annoyed With Tourism

        Skift Take

        Hawaii and Maui will not see a full tourism restoration if the general public understand them as answerable for leaving the wildfire victims homeless.


        Maui locals voiced their frustration with tourism promotion at a group assembly held by the Hawaiian Tourism Authority on Monday. Individuals have been upset about accommodating vacationers as wildfire survivors are nonetheless in want of housing.

        “Tourism has added to the trauma by including to the concern of the displaced being kicked out of the motels the place they’ve been staying since dropping their properties,” stated one Lahaina resident on the assembly. 

        The housing state of affairs of the displaced residents was a lightning rod. Hundreds misplaced their properties to the August 8 wildfire after which have been housed in motels. 


        Native aid businesses and the federal government have but to discover a long-term housing answer for the displaced. All the island was opened to tourism on November 1.

        “We’re worrying about what’s occurring tomorrow whereas these folks galavant about and have time,” stated one resident.

        Tourism is important to Maui’s financial system. About 70% of each greenback generated within the island comes instantly or not directly from the customer business, based on the Maui Financial Growth Tourism Board.


        Maui Struggles to Get better Tourism: Newest Knowledge

        • Vacationers spending in Maui down by over $100 million. Customer spending was $326 million in October, down from over $436 million final 12 months.
        • 20,000 fewer vacationers in Maui per day. Every day customer rely in October totaled 36,000, down over 59,400 from final 12 months.
        • 2024 demand is underperforming. Flight and resort bookings are “decrease than standard in comparison with a 12 months in the past,” stated Ilihia Gionson, public affairs officer of Hawaii Tourism Authority.
        • Many vacationers are nonetheless confused about whether or not it’s okay to journey to Maui because of inconsistent, typically conflicting, messaging, based on a survey by the Hawaii Tourism Authority.

        Over 5,000 have been unemployed for the week of Thanksgiving. That’s down from the height of 8,800 in mid-September, however that could possibly be as a result of folks moved out of Maui to search out work elsewhere, stated Gionson.

        Over a 3rd of wildfire survivors say employment and monetary restoration is their most urgent want, based on the Hawaiian authorities.

        Alaska Airways CFO Sees a Restoration Subsequent 12 months

        “I feel that’s going to occur in due time. It’s obtained to be proper for the group,” stated Shane R. Tackett, Alaska Airways’ CFO in a name with buyers in regards to the proposed merger with Hawaiian Airways.
        “However we simply know that’s a vacation spot persons are going to need to journey to over the long run. I don’t assume it’s a several-year course of. I feel there’s lots of demand already beginning to present up that wishes to return to Maui.”

      • Tech Employee Migration: USA vs. Canada

        Revealed on: December fifth, 2023

        Within the quickly evolving panorama of the tech trade, expert staff discover themselves at a crossroad of alternatives, and immigration is turning into a pivotal choice of their profession trajectory. The attract of Silicon Valley’s innovation hub or the promise of Canada’s welcoming atmosphere creates a dichotomy that tech professionals should navigate. This complete information explores the immigration packages, professionals and cons, household concerns, and the way to decide on between the USA and Canada.


        Exploring Immigration Pathways for Staff within the USA and Canada


        In the USA, tech staff have entry to numerous immigration packages catering to their specialised expertise.


        The H-1B visa program stands as a distinguished pathway, permitting expert professionals to briefly work for U.S. employers, with the potential for securing everlasting residency via employer sponsorship.

        Moreover, the Non-obligatory Sensible Coaching (OPT) program gives current graduates with the chance to realize sensible expertise of their subject for as much as three years. Whereas these packages are instrumental in attracting and retaining tech expertise, there are noteworthy challenges.

        The U.S. immigration system for tech staff is marked by substantial backlogs, complexities, and a sure unpredictability. The H-1B visa program operates as a lottery, whether or not making use of for the primary time or looking for renewal after three years of labor. This reality provides a component of likelihood to the choice course of, making it difficult for candidates to anticipate whether or not they are going to be chosen or if luck will play a figuring out position of their immigration journey.



        In Canada, immigration packages for tech staff are designed to draw and retain extremely expert professionals, fostering innovation and contributing to the nation’s thriving tech panorama.

        The World Expertise Stream (GTS) is a standout initiative, providing a fast-track course of for employers looking for to herald international tech expertise.

        The Specific Entry system, encompassing the Federal Expert Employee Program, gives a streamlined pathway for expert immigrants, together with these within the tech trade.


        Moreover, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) permits provinces to appoint people with particular expertise, addressing regional wants and opening avenues for tech staff to settle in provinces aligned with their experience. Canada’s dedication to a clear, environment friendly immigration course of, coupled with a welcoming and various society, makes it a sexy vacation spot for tech professionals looking for new alternatives and a top quality of life.


        Professionals and Cons of Immigrating to the USA as a Tech Employee


        • Tech Ecosystem: The USA boasts Silicon Valley, dwelling to main tech giants and startups.
        • Innovation Alternatives: Entry to cutting-edge applied sciences and innovation hubs.
        • Networking: Unparalleled networking alternatives with trade leaders.
        • Salaries in the USA are greater than these in Canada and most nations worldwide.
        • Some greater salaries embrace healthcare plans.


        • Aggressive Job Market: Fierce competitors for tech positions in main tech hubs.
        • To use for and be chosen for an H1B visa, you want a minimum of a bachelor’s diploma. In distinction, another nations permit immigration with only a faculty diploma.
        • Immigration Uncertainty: The H-1B visa has a restricted cap, resulting in uncertainty and intense competitors. Particularly for individuals coming from Nations like India and China.
        • Value of Dwelling: Increased dwelling bills in tech-centric cities can affect disposable earnings, doubtlessly offsetting the upper salaries supplied in these areas.

        Professionals and Cons of Immigrating to Canada as a Tech Employee


        • A number of Immigration Applications:  Canada provides a number of pathways for tech staff, who can discover tailor-made immigration routes that align with their expertise and preferences. This flexibility not solely simplifies the immigration course of but in addition displays Canada’s dedication to attracting top-tier tech expertise from around the globe.
        • Clear Insurance policies: Relying on this system the method is straightforward, straightforward to grasp and comply with, for instance, Specific Entry, is a Level-based system, there is no such thing as a lottery methodology, and each candidate who reaches the minimal factors required on every draw, will obtain an invite to use for Everlasting Residency in Canada.
        • Processing instances are decrease than within the US. Changing into a Everlasting Resident may take you a decade in the USA,  however it should solely require 1 to 2 years in Canada.
        • High quality of Life: Canada persistently ranks excessive in world high quality of life indices.
        • Inclusive Society: Canada is thought for its welcoming and various communities.
        • n Canada, healthcare is publicly funded, and staff sometimes obtain complete protection for important medical providers, together with physician visits, hospital stays, and mandatory medical procedures. Moreover, there are complementary employer-sponsored well being plans that always cowl further providers comparable to dental care, imaginative and prescient care, and prescription medicines.


        • Smaller Tech Ecosystem: Whereas rising quickly, Canada’s tech ecosystem is smaller in comparison with the USA, notably in Silicon Valley, which could restrict sure specialised alternatives.
        • Climate Challenges: Sure provinces expertise harsh winters, which is usually a consideration for these unaccustomed to or uncomfortable with colder climates.
        • Provincial Variations: Job alternatives and the tech scene can fluctuate considerably by province, requiring cautious consideration of the specified work atmosphere.
        • Decrease wage price than the US.

        Immigrating together with your Household


        Bringing household to the USA includes navigating the advanced strategy of family-sponsored visas. Whereas alternatives abound for household reunification, the method will be prolonged and contain bureaucratic hurdles.
        As an H1B visa holder, you’ll be able to deliver your partner and kids with you, however your associate received’t be allowed to work within the US.


        In Canada, the give attention to household reunification is obvious via a streamlined immigration course of for members of the family. Spouses and dependent kids can often accompany tech staff with out encountering vital delays. Moreover, spouses or common-law companions might have the chance to acquire an Open Work Allow, enabling them to work for any firm in Canada, whether or not remotely or on-site.



        The way to Select the Finest Choice for You

        Selecting between the USA and Canada hinges on private {and professional} priorities. Contemplate components like profession targets, way of life preferences, and household. Analysis the particular tech scene in areas of curiosity, weighing job alternatives towards the price of dwelling. Understanding the immigration pathways and long-term prospects in every nation is essential for an knowledgeable choice.

        Listed here are some articles that could possibly be helpful for you if you’re briefly within the USA and are contemplating working in Canada:


        Embarking on the Nice Tech Migration is a big step, and selecting the best vacation spot is paramount. For those who’re contemplating Canada as your best choice, begin by filling out our on-line evaluation. Uncover the chances that await you within the thriving Canadian tech panorama.

        Start your journey now!  Fill out our on-line evaluation and uncover if Canada is your final vacation spot within the tech world. START MY ONLINE ASSESSMENT

      • Bulletin de l’immigration — Décembre 2023

        Publié le 5 Décembre 2023

        Ce mois-ci, les nouvelles concernent :


        • La réforme du Règlement sur l’immigration est entrée en vigueur
        • Les délais pour le regroupement familial augmentent
        • Célébrations autour de la Semaine nationale de l’immigration francophone
        • Vers une plus grande mobilité des travailleurs entre le Mexique et le Québec 


        • Plusieurs distinctions durant la Semaine québécoise des rencontres interculturelles
        • Passe-Partout pour faire aimer le français aux tout-petits
        • Ottawa souhaite faciliter la mobilité des travailleurs


        • Des allègements administratifs pour les employeurs recrutant à l’étranger
        • Journées Québec Maroc : les inscriptions sont ouvertes pour les candidats

        Refuge et asile

        • Une nouvelle voie d’accès à la résidence permanente pour les réfugiés des Amériques
        • Le Canada augmente l’aide pour les demandeurs d’asile

        Fédéral/Hors Québec

        • Les ministres fédéraux, provinciaux et territoriaux de l’immigration s’engagent à mieux travailler ensemble
        • Ottawa finance la recherche sur l’immigration francophone

        Bonne lecture !

        Photograph : Roman Kraft

        À propos de Basile Moratille

        Directeur des contenus et des publications, Immigrant Québec et Immigrant Québec Professional. Lire les autres articles de Basile Moratille

      • Airbnb Names New CFO and Head of Internet hosting to Go away

        Skift Take

        The reshuffle of Airbnb’s govt ranks ought to be seen within the context of the necessity to reinvigorate the corporate’s progress prospects, together with worldwide growth.


        With critics questioning Airbnb’s progress momentum, Airbnb introduced Tuesday that Chief Monetary Officer Dave Stephenson will develop into chief enterprise officer, a newly created place, and VP of Finance Ellie Mertz will develop into CFO March 1.

        In the meantime, Catherine Powell, who turned international head of internet hosting in July 2020, “has determined to transition to an advisor position and transfer on from Airbnb later subsequent 12 months,” the corporate stated.

        Stephenson can be main the entire inside groups that reported to Powell apart from the neighborhood workforce, and there aren’t any plans to call a successor to Powell.


        He’ll start his new position as chief enterprise officer January 2, can be a speaker, together with CEO Brian Chesky, on Airbnb’s fourth quarter and full-year 2023 earnings name in February, and Mertz will assume her new CFO March 1. She can be an everyday speaker on earnings calls, together with Chesky, as a substitute of Stephenson.

        When the CFO transition takes place, Mertz will develop into a Part 16 officer of the corporate.

        Airbnb Criticized for Missed Progress Alternatives

        The CFO shuffle comes after some on Wall Road have develop into bearish about Airbnb after it warned that room evening progress can be slowing within the fourth quarter. Worldwide growth, which can be excessive on Stephenson’s agenda, is a key precedence.


        In an electronic mail to staff, which Airbnb shared with the media Tuesday morning, Chesky characterised Stephenson’s new position as a promotion. Chesky stated “Airbnb is at an inflection level” and is able to “embark as our subsequent chapter as an organization.”

        Beginning January 2, Stephenson can be accountable for increasing Airbnb’s core houses enterprise, and can be charged with pushing worldwide growth, increasing Airbnb’s host provide, and overseeing company improvement. The heads of Airbnb’s enterprise models within the Americas; Asia Pacific; and Europe, Center East and Africa will report back to Stephenson.

        “As Airbnb will get greater, the CFO’s job will get much more sophisticated,” stated Skift Head of Analysis Seth Borko in reacting to the information. “In its early startup days, the CFO would possibly prioritize money administration and VC fundraising. However the place Airbnb stands as we speak as an $86 billion public firm, the CFO’s job is completely totally different. Public buyers are an entire totally different animal from enterprise capitalists and the CFO should oversee a posh set of accounting books which can be topic to securities legislation and different strict public firm laws.”


        New Airbnb CFO

        New CFO Ellie Mertz has been at Airbnb since 2013 and has served as its vp of finance for the reason that starting of 2019. She served as interim CFO for a 12 months beginning in February 2018 earlier than Airbnb employed Stephenson as CFO. Chesky’s electronic mail to staff credited Mertz with overseeing Airbnb’s IPO.

        Airbnb International Head of Internet hosting to Go away the Firm in 2024

        Catherine Powell turned international head of internet hosting in July 2020 after heading the corporate’s in-limbo experiences enterprise for six months earlier than that.

        In the course of the third quarter earnings name November 1, Chesky stated the corporate had added 1 million energetic listings to this point in 2023, and provide jumped 19% in contrast with the third quarter of 2022.


        Powell’s internet hosting position ends December 31.

        “Catherine Powell has determined to transition to an advisor position and transfer on from Airbnb later subsequent 12 months,” Chesky stated within the worker electronic mail.

      • Prime 10 de PISA : le Canada excelle en mathématiques, sciences et lecture

        Les résultats du classement PISA 2022, qui évalue les performances académiques des jeunes à l’échelle mondiale, viennent d’être publiés. Cette année, une baisse notable des performances des jeunes élèves a été observée suite à la pandémie. Malgré cela, les jeunes Canadiens et Québécois se distinguent encore une fois en se classant une fois de plus parmi les dix meilleurs au niveau worldwide. Plus de 23 000 élèves canadiens issus de 850 écoles réparties dans les dix provinces ont participé à cette évaluation.

        Le classement PISA, réalisé normalement tous les trois ans, est un indicateur clé des compétences des élèves de 15 ans des pays de l’OCDE et associés, couvrant les mathématiques, la compréhension écrite et la tradition scientifique. Cependant, en raison de la pandémie, l’édition 2021 a été reportée à 2022.


        Supply: OCDE, Le Figaro

        Cette année encore, les pays asiatiques dominent le classement, avec Singapour en tête dans les domaines des mathématiques, de la compréhension écrite et des sciences. D’autres territoires comme le Japon, Macao, Taïwan, Hong Kong, la Corée du Sud, le Canada et l’Estonie figurent aussi parmi les dix meilleurs dans chaque self-discipline.

        En Amérique du Nord, les élèves canadiens se distinguent particulièrement en mathématiques, étant les seuls à figurer parmi les dix meilleurs. En effet, 78 % d’entre eux ont atteint ou dépassé le niveau deux en mathématiques. Le Canada affiche également d’excellents résultats en lecture et en sciences, se classant parmi les meilleurs après seulement quelques pays et économies.

        Supply: OCDE, Le Figaro

        Quant à la France, 7e puissance économique mondiale, elle se positionne au 26e rang en mathématiques et en sciences, et 29e en compréhension écrite. Ses performances sont comparables à celles de l’Allemagne, de l’Espagne, du Portugal, de la Hongrie, de l’Italie, de la Norvège et de la Lituanie. En Europe, la Suisse, l’Irlande et l’Estonie se démarquent par leurs résultats supérieurs.


        Supply: OCDE, Le Figaro

        Pour la méthodologie de l’édition 2022 du classement PISA, 6770 élèves de 15 ans ont été sélectionnés aléatoirement dans toutes les écoles secondaires de chaque pays. Les members ont répondu sur ordinateur à des questions fermées (QCM, vrai/fake) et ouvertes (réponses courtes ou développées).

        Supply : Le Figaro, La Presse canadienne

      • Saudi’s Pink Sea World Confirms New Giga-Challenge Stuffed with Inexpensive Accommodations

        The grasp developer of Saudi Arabia’s super-luxury island tourism undertaking, The Pink Sea, is engaged on one other giga-project that may home extra inexpensive lodge choices and faucet right into a market — tens of millions of vacationers robust. Pink Sea World (RSG) group CEO John Pagano confirmed the event to Skift, including that it’s going to open earlier than 2030 and introduce hundreds extra lodge rooms to the dominion’s burgeoning tourism sector.

        “Mid-market has an enormous market potential and there are some areas which are higher suited to that, nearer to bigger city areas,” Pagano stated. “Once we transfer to extra mid-scale, we’ll begin moving into the three-star (lodge) choices, completely different merchandise, completely different positioning, and completely different goal audiences. It’s about being strategic throughout the complete Pink Coastline.”


        “As you get into the extra mid-scale choices, the lodge sizes get greater since you want that scale to make them financially viable. Our websites are very giant, many hundreds of keys.”

        John Pagano. Credit score: RSG

        The undertaking can be south of The Pink Sea, placing it nearer to Saudi’s second main metropolis, Jeddah.

        In October 2022, The Pink Sea Improvement Firm rebranded as Pink Sea World, introduced at the moment it could be creating round a dozen extra websites alongside the Pink Coastline. This mid-market lodge hotspot is one among them.

        “We’re mainly creating all the things south of Neom,” stated Pagano.


        Tapping Into Spiritual Tourism

        Positioned nearer to Jeddah, the brand new undertaking may search to attract within the metropolis’s many non secular vacationers. Jeddah is situated roughly an hour from Makkah, one of the vital areas in all of Islam. Final yr, Makkah obtained near 7 million vacationers, whereas Jeddah bought 6 million.

        For a lot of non secular vacationers, their travels begin and finish with visiting the holy metropolis. However Pagano sees a chance for his mid-market undertaking to increase the stays of those pilgrims.

        He stated: “Take into consideration the scale of that market, one and a half billion Muslims on the planet.”


        “So if we are able to faucet into that market and have them make it a once-in-a-lifetime journey the place they do the non secular piece, which is vastly vital after which tack on a household trip at one thing that’s moderately inexpensive, I feel it’s a really deep marketplace for us. (Spiritual vacationers) are inclined to spend extra center and decrease finish of the (journey) market.”

        Pagano declined to inform Skift the identify of this new undertaking.

        We don’t know the types of brand name flags being planted on this new giga-project but. Regional operator Rove has informed Skift beforehand it may land in giga-projects, whereas Premier Inn Center East has stated the identical. Virtually all the worldwide operators have mid-scale manufacturers, assume Courtyard by Marriott, Hampton by Hilton or Hyatt Centric.


        The Pink Sea Isn’t All 5-Star

        The Pink Sea is RSG’s flagship improvement and a postcard undertaking for the crown prince’s tourism ambitions. It’s all about luxurious, with 22 islands being constructed on to create a “Maldives of the Center East.” When accomplished by 2030, it’ll have 50 lodges, 8,000 rooms and 1,000 residences. Costing tens of billions to construct, solely five-star flags have been introduced for the location to this point, together with Jumeirah, Rosewood, Grand Hyatt, 4 Seasons, Ritz-Carlton Reserve, and even celebrity-favored get together model Faena.

        16 lodges are deliberate to open by 2025, the remaining 34 will open earlier than 2030.

        The primary lodge is already open, the Six Senses, situated inland within the desert, the place rooms begin at round $1,800 an evening. That’s related pricing to the 2 Six Senses resorts within the Maldives throughout quieter journey months. The St. Regis is anticipated to open earlier than the top of this yr.

        Six Senses Southern Dunes. Credit score: IHG

        Pagano was eager to “dispel any false impression” that The Pink Sea is solely a luxurious retreat, stating that some lodges will “successfully be four-star.”

        He stated: “The entry-level into (The) Pink Sea isn’t all 5 star. Our entry-level is successfully four-star.”

        In response to the CEO, these “four-stars” may embrace the Grand Hyatt lodge and Accor’s Fairmont in addition to InterContinental together with Six Senses — each within the IHG steady.

        Pagano stated: “These are four-star merchandise in comparison with 4 Seasons and Rosewood and the others. Now we have a broader spectrum of merchandise. Accommodations will be a part of the higher a part of the chain scale, however it isn’t all five-star plus.”


        Accommodations such because the Grand Hyatt and InterContinental may command round $500 an evening, whereas top-of-the-tree lodges will go into the hundreds, Pagano defined.

        Properly-known, Western luxurious manufacturers comparable to these serve to make The Pink Sea a global tourism vacation spot. Notably, RSG is eyeing India, Western Europe and the broader Center East. Markets comparable to US and Canada are “extra of a trek” and maybe have higher notion points to beat when touring to the Center East.

        Pagano stated: “I’m tremendous fixated on testing, enhancing, and ensuring issues work, so long as we ship on the promise, then social media will handle the remaining. As a result of phrase of mouth is our strongest strategy to talk, , what Saudi Arabia actually is. Most individuals who come (to Saudi) don’t depart with a foul impression. It’s convincing folks to come back within the first occasion.”


        “That’ll get simpler as we begin to function and open extra of our locations,” he added.

        Right here is each lodge confirmed at The Pink Sea to this point:

        • Desert Rock Resort — 60 keys (self-operated by RSG)
        • Faena The Pink Sea — 150 keys (operated by Faena/Accor)
        • Fairmont Pink Sea — 200 keys (operated by Accor)
        • 4 Seasons Resort The Pink Sea — 149 keys (operated by 4 Seasons)
        • Grand Hyatt The Pink Sea — 430 keys (operated by Hyatt)
        • InterContinental The Pink Sea — 210 keys (operated by IHG)
        • Jumeirah The Pink Sea — 159 keys (operated by Jumeirah)
        • Miraval The Pink Sea — 180 keys (operated by Hyatt)
        • Nujuma, A Ritz-Carlton Reserve — 63 keys (operated by Marriott)
        • Raffles The Pink Sea — 200 keys (operated by Accor)
        • Rosewood The Pink Sea — 200 keys (operated by Rosewood)
        • Shebara Sheybarah Island — 73 keys (self-operated by RSG)
        • SLS The Pink Sea — 153 keys (operated by Ennismore/Accor)
        • Six Senses Southern Dunes — 76 keys (operated by IHG)
        • The Pink Sea Version – 240 keys (operated by Marriott)
        • St. Regis The Pink Sea — 90 keys (operated by Marriott)

        Extremely-luxury Pockets

        Pink Sea World is an organization inside the nation’s Public Funding Fund, a sovereign wealth fund chaired by the crown prince that has greater than $700 billion in belongings — making it one of many greatest such funds on the planet.

        “Now we have the capital,” Pagano acknowledged merely. Including that: “Pink Sea World might be the largest hospitality and tourism actual property developer on the planet.”


        RSG can also be planning to launch further super-luxury tasks all alongside Saudi, with later enlargement seemingly within the wider Center East and abroad.

        Sheybarah ShebaraSheybarah Shebara
        Shebara Sheybarah Island. Credit score: RSG

        The CEO revealed: “We simply have to seek out the appropriate kinds of tasks wherever they is likely to be that matches the general imaginative and prescient and values of the enterprise. So a dozen tasks in Saudi (and it) wouldn’t be a shock in the event you had just a few in Dubai, Abu Dhabi, or some locations.”

        “We’re already taking a look at Europe,” he added, however careworn that proper now, Saudi Arabia is the principal focus.

        Along with The Pink Sea and close by sister undertaking Amaala, RSG is creating ultra-luxury websites comparable to Thuwal Non-public Island, which has solely 5 rooms. Pagano stated further ultra-luxury island tasks are a chance.

    • Know Immigration Options For Applicants Awaiting CEC DrawThursday, 10 November 2022, 3:32 PM EST

      Immigration Options For Applicants Waiting For CEC-Only Draw. On November 9, the latest Express Entry draw invited 4,750 candidates from all Express Entry programs, including Federal Skilled Worker, Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and Federal Skilled Trades. The cut-off threshold for this draw was 494 CRS points. 

      As cut-offs continue to stay high for Express Entry, several international students and work permit holders are hoping for Canadian Experience Class-only draws. Although, it remains uncertain whether there will be a CEC-only draw. Or there will be options for international students and work permit holders, as emphasized by Immigration Minister Sean Fraser in his recent report.

      Recently, minister Fraser said he is looking for options to give more points to Canadian experience in the Express Entry, but actual details are not finalized yet. However, if you are someone hoping for CEC-only draws, this article will help you understand your options and plan. 


      Understanding the CRS breakdown 

      The CRS score cut-off in the last two Express Entry draw finally dropped below 500 points. However, given previous trends, the CRS score cut-off will likely stay high for the upcoming draws, given that CRS only dropped by 2 points in the latest draw.

      However, no one can accurately predict all upcoming CRS score cut-offs. It is because many distinct factors affect the CRS score cut-off; each factor remains unpredictable and impacts the cut-offs in various ways. These factors are: 

      Other options for international students and work permit holders 

      If you are waiting for CRS score cut-offs to lower, you may want to consider some other options. It may be best to wait for the CRS score to reduce, but if you are at risk of becoming out of status, here are 3 options you can consider. 

      1. Applying for PNP

      Most often, PNP requires you to have a connection to the province. However, you could consider the following programs that do not require you to have a specific connection to the province, but you may need a job offer. New Immigration levels plan clearly states that provincial nominee programs have target of inviting 105,500 candidates in 2023.

      Newfoundland and Labrador International Graduate

      You could be qualified to apply for a provincial nomination under this program if you’ve completed a post-secondary program of at least two years’ duration anywhere in Canada. Still, you’re now employed in Newfoundland and Labrador. Graduates employed in Newfoundland and Labrador for at least a year on a post-graduate work permit are eligible for the program.

      B.C International Graduate

      This program can be possible if you have completed a post-secondary degree anywhere in Canada and presently hold a job offer from a company in British Columbia. To be eligible, you also need two years of full-time work experience in a similar role to the job offer. 

      Ontario ONIP Job Offer-International Students stream

      You may qualify for this PNP if you have a valid job offer from an Ontario employer and have completed a post-secondary program in Canada. Your Canadian education must have been for a study program that lasted at least two years or a one-year course with a prior necessary degree requirement. 

      2. Getting an LMIA Work Permit 

      If you have worked for a specific employer for a long time, you may ask them to support you with a LIMA. Although the process may be complex, with a valid job offer, you can get more points under the Comprehensive Ranking System. 


      There are currently more than 4,400 LMIA approved job postings in Canada. Click here to find LMIA approved jobs.

      3. Returning to School

      Lastly, you may consider returning to school if you are running out of all options and only need to extend your stay until CRS score cut-offs drop. It is an expensive option, but it can definitely prevent you from leaving Canada. It may help you maintain your status and extend your stay in Canada. 

    • Nova Scotia Needs To reform Immigration System – New Auditor’s ReportWednesday, 9 November 2022, 7:57 PM EST

      According to a new auditor general, Kim Adair’s report, Nova Scotia needs to reform immigration system of the province. The government needs to understand better what immigrants need to settle in the province as the province sets out ambitious goals to increase the general population.

      In a report released Tuesday (November 8), Kim Adair stated that the government spends $6.4 million annually on immigrant settlement assistance without understanding whether the money helps prevent them from leaving.


      Below are report highlights and findings, in addition to the suggestions made by the auditor general.

      More work is needed to meet Nova Scotia’s immigration target

      Adair explains that the current retention rate of 70% must be increased to 75%, which would require an increase in yearly population growth of more than twofold, to 25,000 people, from the current 10,000.

      The auditor general’s recommendations, such as looking at how settlement financing may best fulfill immigrant needs, are being worked on, according to immigration minister Jill Balser. As more and more newcomers settle in Nova Scotia, Balser said, the services must be flexible and adaptive to serve individual needs constantly.


      She added that her agency is also creating two new roles to handle fraud investigations and program compliance checks, introducing 12 new positions to process immigration applications more consistently.

      In 2021, Nova Scotia welcomed a record 9,160 immigrants; as of August of this year, that total had already surpassed 9,375 persons.

      Lack of evaluation by immigration Department of immigrant required services 

      Adair claimed that the Immigration Department had not evaluated the kinds of services required to help immigrants settle in Nova Scotia, adding that the government puts an undue reliance on information obtained from outside sources.

      Adair’s report stated that it is very difficult to identify what settlement services are required, which service providers should receive money, and whether any gaps exist without a detailed assessment to evaluate the requirements of immigrants. 


      The auditor general said that 18 immigrant settlement companies are currently working in the province, offering services such as language training, employment counselling, and community welcoming initiatives. However, Adair claimed that the government had not thoroughly examined the services given, their locations, or the demand for them.

      For instance, according to the report, evaluating whether language training is offered across the province or figuring out whether there is a greater need for particular settlement services in some places than others.

      The importance of feedback from immigrants

      Adair emphasized feedback from immigrants could help determine where future funding should be directed. In addition, the province has to identify labour market gaps for effective spending to match newcomers to jobs.


      While speaking to reporters in an interview, Adair said her department recommended that rather than just being reactionary, a framework should be in place. It would help the government get on top of the issues since it takes time to shift their focused efforts to particular gaps in the labour force. 

      Additionally, she said that her audit uncovered inconsistencies in how the province evaluates immigration petitions, leaving the system vulnerable to fraud.

      Furthermore, Adair noted that the province intends to increase its population to two million by 2060, requiring improvements in such areas.


      • New Express Entry Draw Sent 4,750 Invites For PR-November 9Wednesday, 9 November 2022, 2:49 PM EST

        Today, Express Entry Draw invited 4,750 profiles to apply for permanent residency (PR). Applicants having a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 494 or above received the invitations.

        CRS cut off score has reduced by only 2 points as compared to Express Entry draw two weeks ago. Furthermore, number of invites remained same as in the previous draw. This is the 10th all program Express Entry draw this year.

        Below are the details of new All Program Express Entry draw.

        • Number of invitations issued: 4,750
        • Rank required to be invited to apply: 4,750 or above
        • Date and time of round: November 09,2022 14:21:26 UTC
        • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 494
        • Tie-breaking rule: June 06,2022 20:48:23 UTC

        All program Express Entry draws include all the the Express Entry profiles under Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades (FST). Additionally, it also consider profiles under any of the aforementioned categories having a provincial nomination.

        Next Express Entry draw cut off is projected to be around 490 as per CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of November 7, 2022 listed below.


        CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of November 7, 2022

        Express Entry CRS Score Distribution

        Latest processing time for Express Entry as of November 9?

        • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 14 months
        • Canadian Experience Class – 19 months
        • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 27 months
        • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 49 months

        Full List Of Canada Express Entry Draws In 2022

        What is Express Entry?

        Express Entry system is the fastest way to get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR). It has processing time of 6 months after submission of documents following the ITA.

        The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based methodology, is used by Express Entry to rate applicant profiles. The highest-scoring applicants are given an Invitation to Apply (ITA), after which they can submit an application for permanent residence.

        The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) all use Express Entry as their application management system (FSTP).

        Candidates for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) who are in the Express Entry pool are already qualified for at least one of these programmes.


          New Express Entry Draw
        • Here Are New IRCC Processing Times As Of November 9!Wednesday, 9 November 2022, 12:11 PM EST

          IRCC changed their online processing tool in the beginning of 2022, to offer accurate information on processing timelines. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this modification on March 31, 2022, as part of an effort to improve Canadian immigration system. This page contains the latest processing times from the IRCC website as of November 9, 2022.

          What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

          IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

          These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

          Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

          Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

          Processing time for Canadian Passport 
          Processing time for Economic Class

          Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 
          Source: IRCC

          • New TEER System Implements Next Week – All You Need To KnowWednesday, 9 November 2022, 9:29 AM EST

            On November 16, next week, IRCC will implement the new National Occupation Classification (NOC) 2021, the Training, Education, Experience, and Responsibilities (TEER) system. With this implementation, several changes are coming to the Express Entry system. 

            These changes will impact Express Entry eligibility. For example, 16 NOC C occupations will become eligible for Express Entry. Additionally, it will also be implemented by all the provincial nominee programs (PNPs). For e.g., 12 NOC codes will become ineligible for the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP)

            Another change is in the eligibility criteria of the Express Entry. As with NOC 2016 system, an applicant needed to have skilled experience, such as in NOC 0, A or B, to qualify for Express Entry. Next week, with the implementation of NOC 2021, the eligibility criteria for Express Entry will change. 


            In this article, you can learn about the upcoming changes in the Express Entry system with the implementation of the new NOC c or the TEER system.  

            What is the new NOC 2021 and the TEER system?

            Canada uses NOC, National Occupation Classification, as a national standard for identifying occupations. After every ten years, the Canadian federal government updates NOC to reflect the country’s labour and economic market changes. 

            The old 4-digit “Skill Level” structure will be replaced by the NOC 2021. To illustrate the level of Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) required for a given occupation, new NOC categories are introduced. These new categories include a brand-new five-digit hierarchical structure. 

            Understanding NOC 2021 categorisation and the TEER system


            Overview of the new TEER categories 

            TEER 0: This category includes legislative and senior management occupations with significant experience and knowledge and handles responsibility for directing, resource planning and management. 

            TEER 1: This category typically calls for a college/ university degree or prior experience and knowledge in the subject matter from a similar job listed under TEER 2.


            TEER 2: This includes occupations with major safety or supervisory duties and typically need two to three years of post-secondary education or at least two years of apprenticeship training.

            TEER 3: This includes occupations requiring fewer than two years of post-secondary education, on-the-job training, training courses, or work experience of more than six months.

            TEER 4:  Occupations requiring either a high school diploma or no formal education are under TEER 4 category. Applicants with several years of experience in this category may qualify for TEER 3. 


            TEER 5: This category is for occupations without formal education requirements. 


            Express Entry eligibility requirements with the new TEER system 

            To continue participating in Express Entry, you must update your profile with the new TEER system if you haven’t received an invitation to apply (ITA) by November 16, 2022.

            Additionally, if you were issued an ITA before November 16, 2022, you must continue to use the NOC 2016 system exclusively.

            For the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades Program, IRCC has provided updated NOC 2021 eligibility criteria for Express Entry. To understand eligibility after November 16, see the tables below.


            Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 


            Canadian Experience Class (CEC)


            Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)


            Occupations that will become eligible & ineligible under the TEER system

            With the implementation of the new TEER system, certain occupations will become eligible under the Express Entry system. Sixteen occupations previously under NOC C will upgrade to TEER 3 next week, making them eligible under Express Entry. 

            However, changes in the NOC will also make 12 occupations ineligible, as some have been moved from NOC C to NOC D, falling under the TEER 5 level. In addition, it will impact applicants under the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) that accepts NOC C and above skill levels. 

            Below is the list of occupations that will become eligible and ineligible. 

            16 occupations that will become eligible under Express Entry 

            1. Payroll Administrators
            2. Dental Assistants and dental laboratory assistants
            3. Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
            4. Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
            5. Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
            6. Sheriffs and bailiffs
            7. Correctional service officers
            8. By-lay enforcement and other regulatory officers
            9. Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations
            10. Residential and commercial installers and servicers
            11. Pest controllers and fumigators
            12. Other repairers and servicers
            13. Transport truck drivers
            14. Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
            15. Heavy equipment operators
            16. Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors

            12 occupations that will become ineligible For Atlantic Immigrant Program (AIP) 

            1. Pet groomers and animal care workers
            2. Other support occupations in personal services
            3. Longshore workers
            4. Material handlers
            5. Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
            6. Delivery service drivers and door-to-door distributors
            7. Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations
            8. Livestock labourers
            9. Nursery and greenhouse labourers
            10. Trappers and hunters
            11. Food and beverage servers
            12. Labourers in textile processing and cutting

            Latest Canada Immigration News & Articles

            • New Immigration Program For New Brunswick Announced By Sean FraserMonday, 7 November 2022, 3:36 PM EST

              Today, IRCC minister Sean Fraser and New Brunswick immigration minister Arlene Dunn announced a new immigration program for the province. The new program is called “New Brunswick Critical Worker Pilot.”

              The new pilot is aiming at attracting skilled workers into occupations that are difficult to fill. New stream will also allows participating firms to give skill and language training, as well as counselling and assistance to the newcomers they bring into the province.


              The 5-year pilot program will be examined and assessed on a regular basis to ensure that it stays responsive to immigration demands while also delivering the best potential results for the province.

              List of employers participating in the new pilot program

              Below listed 6 employers have been chosen to take part in the pilot as they have been in good standing with the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program.

              1. Cooke Aquaculture
              2. Groupe Savoie Inc.
              3. Groupe Westco
              4. Imperial Manufacturing
              5. J.D. Irving Ltd.
              6. McCain Foods.

              Requirements For Participating Employers:

              The participating employers must have:

              • have thorough settlement plans for housing and transportation as well as strong pledges to long-term retention
              • have complete human resource strategy in place for recruiting and hiring qualified foreign workers, as well as enhancing on-the-job capabilities
              • deliver up to 200 hours of language instruction to selected individuals as needed; and
              • provide assistance and help to students interested in pursuing their Canadian secondary education equivalency

              IRCC minister Sean Fraser said, ““Immigration is not only good for our communities, it is essential. Newcomers play a key role in Atlantic Canadian communities, and in helping businesses succeed. New Brunswick’s Critical Worker Pilot is an innovative approach that will help employers across New Brunswick meet their specific labour market needs.””

              Arlene Dunn said “New Brunswick has a successful track record with immigration-related pilot programs, which is why we are grateful that the federal government has chosen our province for this one. Participating employers will greatly benefit from filling critical vacancies and applicants will find meaningful work in a welcoming community.”

              Details for applications and how to apply are yet to be revealed by New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program. We will post the details as soon as they are made public.


              Source: Opportunities NB

              Latest Canada Immigration News & Articles

              • New Immigration Plan To Attract Francophones Released By Nova ScotiaMonday, 7 November 2022, 1:43 PM EST

                On November 7, the Province of Nova Scotia released an action plan to promote the expansion of the French-speaking population. This new plan is also part of the Province’s National Francophone Immigration Week celebration.

                From November 6 to 12, National Francophone Immigration Week honours the numerous significant contributions made by French-speaking immigrants in Canada. In this article, learn about:

                Growing Nova Scotia’s Francophone Population Plan details

                The Province wants to achieve or surpass the 4.4% goal set by the federal government for immigrants who speak French in Canada.

                To achieve this goal, the Province will invite 150 Francophone candidates from the federal Express Entry system to apply to Nova Scotia’s Labour Market Priorities stream of the Provincial Nominee Program. 


                Expanding efforts to attract francophone newcomers from other countries and provinces are part of Growing Nova Scotia’s Francophone Population – An Action Plan for Success (2022–25). It involves work on the following:

                • Increasing partner and community engagement 
                • Promoting and attracting newcomers 
                • Population growth initiatives
                • Inclusion and retention through settlement services
                • Program research and evaluation

                The new action plan is the result of collaboration with francophone partners from across Nova Scotia, including:

                •  Fédération acadienne de la Nouvelle-Écosse, 
                • Conseil de développement économique de la Nouvelle-Écosse, 
                • Université Sainte-Anne, 
                • Provincial Council of School Boards, and 
                • Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency.

                In response to this new plan, Conseil Scolaire Acadien Provincial, president Marcel Cottreau says,

                “As a francophone organization, the Conseil scolaire acadien provincial looks forward to working with the Province on this new plan. This action plan will allow us to welcome more francophone newcomers to our beautiful province and, in turn, will increase our student population, expand our qualified staff, and develop Nova Scotia’s Acadian and francophone community.” Marcel Cottreau, President, Conseil scolaire acadien provincial

                Nova Scotia Immigration Minister Comments 

                Minister of Labour, Skills and Immigration Jill Balser says, “The Acadian and francophone communities have been an essential part of our province’s identity and heritage for more than 400 years.”

                “Our new action plan demonstrates Nova Scotia’s commitment to increasing the number of French-speaking newcomers throughout the province and ensuring they have opportunities and supports to thrive,” said Balser. 


                Moreover, during the Destination Canada Mobility Forum in France and Morocco the following week, Minister Balser will go with a provincial delegation to promote Nova Scotia to skilled French-speaking employees.

                Nova Scotia Immigration Goals 

                Nova Scotia is making headway in attracting French-speaking residents. 

                Since the launch of the first francophone immigration action plan in 2019, the percentage of French-speaking candidates approved under the Provincial Nominee Program has increased from less than 1% in 2018 to 6.4% in 2021.


                Additionally, Nova Scotia exceeded its one million population goal in December 2021 and intends to reach two million by 2060.

                Click here to view the Growing Nova Scotia’s Francophone Population – An Action Plan for Success (2022–25).

                Source: Nova Scotia News Release


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                • Canada Bridging Open Work Permit – All You Need To Know!Monday, 7 November 2022, 8:21 AM EST

                  Bridging Open Work Permits (BOWP) is for people who have filed for permanent residence under the Economic Class. Such as through Express Entry, and currently hold a valid Canadian work permit that expires in less than four months. The work permit holder must also be physically present in Canada to submit the application.

                  To continue working while waiting for the applicant to obtain PR, the BOWP is an extension of an existing work permit. To be eligible for a BOWP, the applicant must also meet the eligibility requirements.

                  The applicant may continue to work in Canada under implied status until a decision has been made on the BOWP application if their current work permit expires before receiving a decision on their BOWP application. 

                  However, the foreign national must stop working in Canada immediately if the application is rejected. Continued employment without a current work permit may jeopardize future applications for permanent residence.


                  In this article, you can learn the following:

                  General Eligibility Requirements 

                  To qualify for a BOWP, the foreign national must meet the following requirements:

                  • Be inside Canada on a valid temporary resident status. 
                  • Meet one of the following criteria at the time of your application submission:
                    • Hold a valid temporary resident status and authorization to work 
                    • Have maintained status and work authorization as a result of applying to renew your work permit

                  Another requirement is you must have applied for permanent residence under one of the following classes: 

                  Your permanent residency application must have completed one of the following stages.

                  • If you submitted an e-APR electronic application for permanent residency under Express Entry, it must have passed the completeness check. The same applies to the following classes:
                    • FSWC
                    • CEC
                    • FSTC
                    • PNP (where the applicant is accepted through the provincial or territorial Express Entry stream)
                  • APR under the QSWC has passed the section R10 completeness check
                  • Received a receipt of the positive eligibility assessment on their non-Express Entry APR submitted by mail or online under one of the following classes:
                    • caring for children
                    • caring for people with high medical needs
                    • AFP
                    • PNP (where the applicant does not qualify for Express Entry)

                  You can also use IRCC’s eligibility tool to verify your eligibility. 

                  Ineligibility for BOWP

                  In certain circumstances, foreign nationals may not qualify for a BOWP. These circumstances include:

                  •  Foreign nationals in Canada who are exempt from the work permit requirement 
                  • Those applying for a BOWP at the port of entry or visa office may be ineligible because they do not have the authorization (yet) to enter as a temporary resident.
                    • The fact that applicants are physically in Canada and working while transitioning to permanent residence provides a considerable advantage.
                  • Spouses and dependents of primary permanent residence applicants as this group can obtain work permits under various LMIA exemption categories.
                  • Inadmissible foreign nationals 

                  Officers may make individual assessments of foreign nationals who do not fit the requirements using the more general LMIA exemption.

                  Required Documentary Evidence 

                  To evidence eligibility, you must include the following in your BOWP application: 

                  • Fill out form IMM5710-Application to Change Conditions, Extend my Stay or Remain in Canada as a Worker
                    • For the question, “What type of work permit are you applying for?” respond by saying, “Open Work Permit.”
                  • Pay for the work permit processing fee, the open work permit holder fee, and, if applicable, the restoration fee.
                  • Provide evidence that you meet the APR (Application for permanent residence) stage corresponding to your permanent residence class and application submission
                    • Applicants of the following class receive an approval in principle letter or eligibility letter after obtaining a positive eligibility assessment on their APR. They must provide a copy of this letter with their BOWP application, and these applicants are from the following class:
                      • Agri-Food Pilot Program applicants 
                      • The caring for children class 
                      • Caring for people with high medical needs class 

                  How to apply? 

                  You can apply for a BOWP online using the IRCC tool. The tool will ask you questions about your status, and depending on the category you apply under, it will create a personalized checklist. 

                  Ensure that you select the following when you apply:

                  • When selecting the work permit type, select “Open work permit.”
                  • Make the payments for the following:
                    • Work permit fee: CAD 155
                    • Open work permit holder fee: CAD 100 

                  After you submit your application, you will receive a letter that proves that you can continue working under the same conditions as your current work permit. However, if you applied to your PGWP, you may not receive this letter. 

                  Source: IRCC

                  • IRCC Acknowledgment of Receipt (AOR) – All You Need To KnowSaturday, 5 November 2022, 1:46 PM EDT

                    An official document known as an Acknowledgment of Receipt (AOR) proves that Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has received your immigration application. 

                    IRCC issues an AOR document after you submit an application and the processing time officially begins from the date of AOR. The document’s importance varies based on the application filed and how it is submitted.


                    This article delves into:

                    When do you receive an AOR? 

                    Depending on the kind of application, IRCC could release an AOR at different times. One such instance is the automated generation of an AOR for Express Entry, which often occurs minutes after the permanent residence application is filed. 

                    Contrarily, the AOR for a citizenship or sponsorship application may take weeks or even months.

                    What does receiving an AOR indicate? 

                    The AOR is a receipt that confirms that IRCC received your application. However, the date of the AOR is important if the factors below apply to you. 


                    The age of your dependent children: Only children who match the description of a dependent child may be added to your application. Except in certain circumstances, a dependent child must be unmarried and under 22. Your child must satisfy this requirement by the date IRCC receives your application, as stated on your AOR.

                    Validity of your document: The validity of some documents, including police records, IELTS test scores, and ECA reports, is limited. Therefore, when your application is received, these documents must be current and valid on the date stated on the AOR. For this reason, ensure that you apply before your documents expire. 

                    Does AOR indicate your application is complete? 

                    Obtaining an AOR does not always imply that your application is completed or incomplete. It all depends on the kind of application you filed. For instance, IRCC automatically gives an AOR to Express Entry applicants, but they might reject the application if certain papers are missing.

                    The IRCC has verified that the application is complete if you receive an AOR after filing a citizenship application.


                    The difference in applying via paper or online 

                    When IRCC receives your application, they send you a confirmation as an AOR. As a result, the AOR date for a paper-based application will be the day the IRCC mailroom receives your application package. 

                    Once they begin processing your application, they will send the AOR. To monitor your application and get a confirmation when it arrives, it is crucial to utilize a courier service that demands a signature when delivering it.

                    The AOR date for an electronic application submission usually coincides with the day you click the submit button. However, due to clerical errors or time zone variances, the date on your AOR may occasionally show to be one or two days later. It is a good idea to submit in advance because of this reason. 


                    How soon after receiving AOR do you get decision?

                    The IRCC may not have even begun processing your application when you get the AOR. Receiving an AOR does not essentially mean that IRCC has started processing your application.

                    AOR is just an acknowledgement by IRCC that they have officially received your application. Therefore, the time it takes to receive PR after receiving your AOR may vary depending on the program you applied for.

                    Certain applicants start comparing or expecting the decision on their application based on consensus mentioned over the various online forums after receiving the AOR. However, that is not the case. IRCC processing is random and certain applications may take longer than others.


                    For more information, visit IRCC’s official page.

                  • 5 Important Things International Students Looking for Job Should Know!Thursday, 3 November 2022, 2:21 PM EDT

                    Most international students work throughout their college/university to help cover some of their expenses. Moreover, it also helps them get Canadian experience. As an international student, you can now work more than 20 hours per week, effective November 15, 2022.  

                    This is excellent opportunity for international students as it means that they can now earn more money. However, finding a job under a study permit can sometimes get difficult. But don’t worry, we have got you covered. 


                    5 Things International Students Looking for Job Should Know!

                    1. Understand your study permit

                    As an international student, you need a study permit to study in Canada. You get this at port of entry when you arrive in Canada for the first time. The permit lists all the information about your working conditions in Canada. You can work under a study permit if you-

                    Once you meet all of the requirements, there are two types of work you should know about:

                    • On-Campus Jobs: You can work as many hours as possible, as long as they are not interfering with your school time.
                    • Off-Campus Jobs: You could work a maximum of 20 hours a week in the past, but the cap has now been temporarily lifted from November 15 till the end of 2023

                    2. Make full use of school services

                    All schools and colleges/universities offer International Student Support services. Make sure to check them out. These services help you with building your resume and cover letter. Also, they help you understand your ability to work on/off campus.

                    They can also help you build connections with other students. This can make it easier to make friends. Even if you have any questions about job hunting, student services can help with it. 

                    3. Networking Is The Key

                    One of the most important things you should do while job hunting is network. Networking helps you find better job opportunities and develop lasting relations. There are different ways to do this. Firstly, you can search online for networking events happening in your industry.


                    You can also speak to your friends, professors, or relatives to see if they could connect you to any valuable contacts. Though this sounds daunting, once you start doing it, you will realize it’s pretty easy to network here. You might get in touch with someone who is looking to fill a role that you might be interested in. Find more ways to network here

                    4. Volunteer

                    Another thing that you should do, as a student is, volunteer. This not only helps to expand your network but also looks good on your resume. Moreover, you can gain many valuable skills while volunteering.

                    You learn a lot about Canadian corporate culture. You can volunteer at a student association, a campus club, an off-campus festival, and so on. Though volunteering may sound discouraging at first, it is definitely worth it. 


                    5. Avoid any kind of “cash” jobs

                    A lot of times employers lure you into jobs that are underpaid. They tell you that they are paying you “by experience”. In most of these cases, the salary is below minimum wage. Also, the employer will pay you via cash, money order, or cheque. Such jobs are called “cash jobs” or under-table-job.

                    Never say yes to such kinds of jobs. In such jobs, there is no legal contract present. So, your labor rights can be violated. Also, your study permit status can be in legal trouble. Though finding a job in the initial days might be a little difficult, but wait for the correct job.



                  • Here Are Latest IRCC Processing Times As Of November 3!Thursday, 3 November 2022, 9:59 AM EDT

                    In the beginning of 2022, IRCC changed their online processing tool to offer accurate information on processing timelines. This modification was announced by Immigration Minister Sean Fraser on March 31, 2022, as part of an effort to improve Canada’s immigration system. This page contains the most recent processing timeframes from the IRCC website as of November 3, 2022.

                    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

                    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

                    IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

                    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards
                    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship
                    • Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada: 20 months (reduced by 3 months since last week)
                    • Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada: 14 months
                    • Parents or Grandparents: 37 months
                    Processing time for Canadian Passport 
                    • 1. In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services): 10 business days
                    • 2. In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre): 20 business days
                    • 4. In-Canda Urgent pick-up: By the end of the next business day
                    • 5. In-Canada Express pick-up: 2-9 business days
                    • 6. Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada: 20 business days after receiving.
                    Processing time for Economic Class 

                    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 
                    • Visitor visa outside Canada: Varies by country (India: 158 days – Increased by 4 days since last update on October 25)
                    • Visitor visa inside Canada: 17 days online and 41 days by paper. (Increased by 1 day (online), but reduced by 1 day since last update on October 25)
                    • Parents or grandparents Super Visa: Varies by country (India: 114 days:  Increased by 22 days since last update on October 25) 
                    • Visitor extension (Visitor record): 203 days online and 175 days by paper. (reduced by 7 days (paper based) since last update on October 25)
                    • Study permit outside Canada: 13 weeks
                    • Study permit inside Canada: 4 weeks 
                    • Work permit outside Canada: Varies by country (India: 14 weeks: Reduced by 2 weeks since last update on October 25)Applications for critical occupations are being prioritised. If you are not applying for a job in a critical occupation, your processing time may be longer than shown above.
                    • Study permit extension: 80 days online and 71 days by paper. (Reduced by 3 days (online) and 5 days (paper-based) last update on October 25).
                    • Work permit inside Canada (initial application or extension): 169 days online and 84 days by paper. (reduced by 2 days (paper-based) since last update on October 25)
                    • International Experience Canada (Current Season): 7 Weeks – IEC 2022 (International Experience Canada) Ended On Oct 17
                    • Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA): 5 minutes

                    Here Are Country-Wise Study Permit Approval Rates For Canada

                    Source: IRCC

                    More Reads!
                  • Job Experience Letter For Canada – Know Full Details To IncludeWednesday, 2 November 2022, 5:12 PM EDT

                    Job reference letters are an essential part of your permanent residency application. Whether you apply through Express Entry, PNP or come on a work permit, you will need an employer reference letter to evidence your previous work experience. 

                    Moreover, there are certain Canadian immigration specifications that your letter needs to match if you want to claim points for your work experience in the Express Entry system. In this article, you will learn about the details your reference letter should include, along with common mistakes and alternatives to reference letters. 


                    Details to include in a job reference letter 

                    For IRCC to verify your employment history, your employer reference letter should include the following information. 

                    • Company information, including company name and address 
                    • Printed on the company’s official letterhead
                    • Your Full name 
                    • All positions held while employed 
                    • Supervisor name, position and contact details 
                    • Main duties of all positions 
                    • Duration and dates of each held position
                    • Annual salary 
                    • Employment duration 
                    • The number of hours worked each week
                    • Dates you worked at the company 

                    Common mistakes on job reference letters 

                    One of the most common mistakes is when your reference letters do not include your main duties. While evaluating your application, IRCC uses your NOC’s description and duties you assess your application. 

                    Therefore, to ensure that you get points for your experience, check if your reference letter includes your main duties, which align with your NOC’s description and main duties. Additionally, if you have a new job offer while your permanent residency application is processing, make sure that you update your profile according to the new job offer.

                    Another critical point to remember is that from November 16, IRCC will implement the use of the new NOC 2021 to assess all applications. 


                    Alternatives to the employment reference letter 

                    A job reference letter is the most suitable evidence you can provide to claim points. However, in circumstances where the company is no longer operating or your point of contact is not with the company anymore, there are certain alternatives you can consider. 

                    The following is alternative evidence that may help your application: 

                    • Pay stubs 
                    • Tax forms 
                    • Offer of employment 
                    • Personal letters from co-workers 
                    • Bank statements with pay deposits 
                    • Any media references with your name on the company can include social media posts welcoming you as a new hire 
                    • Affidavit from your former supervisor or co-worker, including their official ID and business cards 
                    • Include a letter explaining why you could not get a job reference letter. 

                    Lastly, include any evidence you think will help strengthen your application if you are missing a job reference letter. Remember to refer to the new NOC 2021 while you self-assess your application. 

                  • Reasons That Put IRCC Application In “Review Required” DelayTuesday, 1 November 2022, 4:49 PM EDT

                    As IRCC backlog continues to grow out of control, there are a few things you could do as an applicant to prevent your application from being stuck in the “Review Required” phase. 

                    Ordering Global Case Management System notes is one of the common practices to know the status or details of your application. You can get the notes by accessing information requests to IRCC via mail or online. The notes provide an overview of the processing details of your immigration/visa application.

                    Candidates can view specifics of the IRCC’s case evaluation through these notes. The evaluation looks at eligibility, local or international human rights violations, medical issues, criminal activity, etc. 


                    These notes sometimes reflect a “review required” flag. The phrase “review required” theoretically enables a junior IRCC analyst to draw the attention of a more senior visa officer to a specific problem and seek action, such as rejecting the application or requesting more supporting documentation.

                    However, in reality, it just means that when the IRCC slowly attempts to clear its application backlog, your file is more likely to get trapped at the bottom of the stack. Unfortunately, as a result, anything that requires more thought or extra effort is delegated lower on the list of priorities and frequently set aside for review at later time.

                    The issue for the IRCC is that visa officers are overwhelmed by a volume of applications, frequently leaving no one with the capacity to handle the more complex “review required” applications. 


                    Three reasons why your application may receive a “review required” flag 

                    Lack of sufficient funds 

                    Candidates must demonstrate they have the financial resources necessary to settle in Canada to be considered for one of the permanent residence streams. If IRCC staff believe that fluctuations in foreign exchange rates have reduced an applicant’s cash holdings below the Canadian dollar threshold, they may flag the file for review. 

                    Another reason may include providing incorrect supporting documents, such as non-liquid assets like bonds or real estate, to satisfy the criteria.

                    Typically, the applicant will receive a notice and an opportunity to respond to a procedural fairness letter when currency fluctuations arise. Failure to meet the proof of funds requirements and response to the letter may result in the application’s rejection. 

                    When you first notice a “review required” flag, it is best to take proactive steps to resolve it as soon as possible rather than waiting for IRCC to reach out. Depending on the category that received the review required tag, you should provide updated or more information to IRCC. 


                    For example, if proof of funds is an issue, you should present updated bank statements proving your financial stability, preferably with enough extra funds to cover future currency fluctuations.

                    Employment history 

                    Visa officers may flag the file for review if they believe your work experience is not verifiable or if there is a discrepancy between the employment confirmation documents and the qualifying NOC description.

                    In addition, a skilled worker’s eligibility is correlated with employment offers in specific National Occupation Classification (NOC) jobs. To prevent the problem, ensure that you provide additional evidence or a sworn declaration outlining the probable problem.



                    Foreign nationals may be inadmissible to enter Canada for various reasons, such as past criminal activity abroad or domestically, health concerns, or application fraud. 

                    When a person has previously been denied entry to Canada or any other country, IRCC officials frequently demand a review to determine whether the denial raises new concerns about their current admissibility.

                    Hence, revealing prior visa denials or immigration problems is crucial. However, not revealing may be viewed as a misrepresentation that could make you inadmissible to Canada for five years. 


                    Additionally, even if you provided more information after receiving the dreaded notification that a review is required, your file would probably still be at the bottom of the list. Therefore, ensure that you reveal all past visa rejections and entry denial along with a proper explanation to avoid getting flagged. 

                  • New Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025Tuesday, 1 November 2022, 9:12 AM EDT

                    IRCC is revealing new Canada Immigration Levels Plan for 2023 – 2025 today. This is an important announcement for Canada aspirants looking forward to make their home in the country. Previously, Canada announced record immigration targets for 2022 – 2024.

                    3-year Immigration levels plan are revised and announced every year on November 1 as dictated by IRPA (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act). The most important numbers of target for immigration categories is for 2023. Targets for 2024 and 2025 will still be revised in November 2023.

                    Immigration Minister on Canada’s New Immigration Targets

                    New Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025


                    2023-2025 Immigration Levels Plan

                    New Immigration Levels plan 2023-2025 highlights include

                    • a long-term focus on economic growth, with slightly over 60% of economic admissions by 2025
                    • using new Express Entry capabilities to welcome immigrants with the requisite skills and certifications in sectors suffering severe labour shortages such as health care, manufacturing, building trades, and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math)
                    • increases in regional programmes to address targeted local labour market needs, including the Provincial Nominee Program, the Atlantic Immigration Program, and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
                    • reuniting more families faster
                    • ensuring that at least 4.4% of new permanent residents outside Quebec are Francophone, and
                    • providing a safe haven to those fleeing persecution, including by expanding the Economic Mobility Pathways.

                    Important Things To Watch Out In New Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025

                    New immigration levels plan will be important and unique because of the following 6 reasons:

                    1. This announcement is coming at the time where IRCC has record applications under processing inventory awaiting decision. So, it depends upon IRCC’s decision making on how quickly they can process the applications and decide what next year target could be. As of September 30, there were 614,600 applications under processing: 325,700 in backlog and 288,900 within service standards.
                    2. Canada is already on track to easily meet the target for 2022 despite a pile of backlog. So, it is expected for the targets could increase for next 3 years. Canada already welcomed record immigrants in 2021 despite pandemic slowdown and backlog.
                    3. Will there be an allocation for provisions under motion 44? If yes, then there could be new announcements after today’s plan in upcoming months.
                    4. It will be interesting to watch PNP targets because provinces have been requesting to increase PNP allocation.
                    5. Will there be increased target for family sponsorship (spousal sponsorship & PGP (Parents and Grandparents)?

                    Frequently Asked Questions

                    What is Canada’s immigration levels plan?

                    According to the new Immigration Levels Plan for 2023-2025, Canada has set a target of bringing 465,000 new permanent residents through all immigration classes in 2022. This objective will gradually expand until it reaches 500,000 new permanent residents in 2025.

                    New Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2023 - 2025
                  • Here Are IRCC Service Standards For Processing Various ApplicationsMonday, 31 October 2022, 9:30 AM EDT

                    IRCC is still struggling with backlog and now they have started providing monthly data on applications within “service standards” as well as applications in “backlog”. We all know what backlog is, but it is important to understand what are IRCC service standards for all the immigration categories.

                    Canada immigration has different standards of processing application category-wise. This is similar to any business’ service standards. Simple e.g., A pizza business has service standard of delivering pizza within 30 minutes of ordering. Although, they may not be able to achieve it for 100% of the customers, but it is their service standard which they strive to meet for most of the customers.

                    Similarly, IRCC has different service standards for processing different application types. If an application is not within that service standard, then it is called backlog. Any application still within the service standard is not considered as backlog since it is being processed within service standards.

                    In context to applications processing, IRCC target to process 80% of applications within service standards. However, IRCC was not able to do it because of pandemic. So, as a result number of backlog grew significantly. Below enlisted are IRCC service standards for major application types and IRCC performance in 2020-2021.


                    Category-Wise IRCC Service Standards

                    Applications for Citizenship, Family Sponsorship, & PR cards

                    Economic Immigration

                    Temporary residence applications

                    IRCC Client Support Centre

                    Source: IRCC Service Standards

                  • Canada On Track To Easily Meet Immigration Target In 2022Friday, 28 October 2022, 9:16 AM EDT

                    Canada is on track to welcome 463,860 new permanent residents by the end of this year after welcoming 309,240 new immigrants by the end of August, or an average of 38,655 each month.

                    Latest available IRCC data reveals that there was immigration slowdown in August 2022. However, Canada is still on course to surpass its ambitious target for the year. 

                    Under the current Immigration Levels Plan for 2022–2024, there should be 431,645 new permanent residents this year, 447,055 next year, and 451,000 in 2024.


                    Regardless of the slowdown in immigration in August, Canada will still surpass its immigration target by 32,215 new permanent residents, or about 7.5 per cent provided that the current pattern continues for the rest of the year.  

                    How will Canada meet its immigration target? 

                    By welcoming 463,860 new permanent residents this year, Canada’s rate of immigration would exceed the immigration target set for next year and even 2024. Considering this trend, the target set for the next two years will exceed 2.8 per cent. 

                    Canada’s immigration increased by 38.9 per cent over the first eight months of this year compared to the 222,580 new permanent residents who arrived during the same time last year.


                    IRCC already had 614,600 permanent residence applications under processing as of September 30, 2022. Out of these, 325,700 were backlog while 288,900 were within service standards.

                    Moreover, the country also set a record by bringing 406,030 new permanent residents in 2021. 

                    The number of spousal sponsorships declined In August 2022

                    Spousal sponsorship brought in fewer new Canadian permanent residents in August, but the program is still on course to accept a record number of immigrants.

                    In August 2022, 4,710 foreign nationals were granted permanent residence in Canada through spouse sponsorship programs, a decrease of 1,505 or 24.2% from the 6,215 in July, according to the most recent data from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).


                    This decline in spousal sponsorship initiatives mirrors the general trend in immigration to the country, which fell by 22.2% to 34,015 new permanent residents in August from 43,180 in July.

                    Despite the most recent monthly downturn, the spouse sponsorship programs nonetheless accepted 45,890 new permanent residents in the first few months of this year.

                    There were 1,205 new permanent residents compared to last year, or 32.3%, more than the 34,685 new residents who entered the country through these programs during the same period last year.


                    As a result, through spousal sponsorship programs, 5,736 new permanent residents have been admitted to Canada on average this year.

                    Under these initiatives, the country is on track to welcome 68,835 new permanent residents in 2022 if the current trends continue. This trend would represent 4,400 new permanent residents or 6.8% more than the 64,435 people who entered the country through these programs last year.

                    This year’s anticipated number of new permanent residents would also be 4,060, or nearly 6.3% more than the 64,775 people who entered the country through spouse sponsorship programs in 2019, the final full year before the COVID-19 pandemic began.


                  • Criminal Inadmissibility For Canada-Know How To Deal With ItThursday, 27 October 2022, 8:10 PM EDT

                    If you have committed or been convicted of a crime, you may not be able to enter Canada or removed from Canada. Under Canadian immigration law, you may be considered “criminally inadmissible.” However, there are certain things you could do to overcome criminal inadmissibility.

                    This article delves into:

                    What is criminal inadmissibility for Canada? 

                    Being deemed criminally inadmissible may include both serious and minor crimes, such as: 

                    • theft,
                    • assault,
                    • manslaughter,
                    • dangerous driving,
                    • driving while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, and
                    • possession of or trafficking drugs or controlled substances.

                    However, you may still be allowed to enter Canada if you were a minor or under 18 years when you were convicted of a crime. Furthermore, you can apply for a TRP.

                    Your options and what you can do 

                    Depending on the crime, when it occurred, and how you have behaved subsequently, you could still be permitted to enter Canada if you:

                    • Convince the immigration officer that you satisfy the requirements to be considered rehabilitated, or
                    • requested rehabilitation and received approval, or
                    • were issued a record suspension, or
                    • Possess a temporary resident permit.

                    Being deemed rehabilitation 

                    According to Canadian immigration law, being considered rehabilitated implies that enough time has passed after your conviction, and your crime may no longer prevent you from entering Canada.

                    You may be deemed as rehabilitated depending on the following: 

                    • The type of crime you committed 
                    • If sufficient time has passed after you completed serving a sentence for the crime, and 
                    • If you have committed more than one crime 

                    Applying for Individual rehabilitation to enter Canada

                    The term “rehabilitation” indicates that you are less prone to commit new crimes. On that bases, you can apply for individual rehabilitation to enter Canada. 

                    However, the decision to grant entry or not rests with the Minister or their designee. To be eligible, you must: 

                    • Demonstrate that you meet the time frame criteria
                    • You’ve made progress towards recovery and have been rehabilitated
                    • It is very unlikely for you to commit new crimes.

                    In addition, at least five years should have passed since:

                    • Your criminal sentence, including probation, has ended, and 
                    • The day you committed the act and became inadmissible. 

                    You can submit all your documents at the closest Visa Application Center if you’re applying for criminal rehabilitation and your temporary resident application (visitor visa, student permit, or work permit).

                    Foreign nationals who require an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) must first apply for criminal rehabilitation to receive one. Then, once your rehabilitation has been approved, you can apply for eTA. 

                    If you apply for your eTA before receiving your rehabilitation, your application will be reviewed using the currently available information and might be rejected.

                    Similarly, suppose you are submitting a separate application for criminal rehabilitation. In that case, you must complete the application and send it by mail or courier to the immigration office in charge of your region. 


                    Additionally, ensure that you pay the processing fees with all your applications. 

                    The processing of these applications may take more than a year. Therefore, ensure that you plan your trip to Canada in advance. 

                    Discharged or suspended records In Canada 

                    Consult the Parole Board of Canada if you have been convicted in Canada and wish to apply for a record suspension, sometimes known as a pardon. If your Canadian record gets suspended, you will no longer be prohibited from entering. 


                    However, if you got a record suspension or discharge due to your conviction in another country, consult the visa office that serves the country or region where you live. You can find out if the pardon is valid in Canada. 

                    Doing this will ensure that a border services officer in Canada has all the information necessary to determine whether you can enter the country when you arrive. However, the officer will still verify if inadmissibility is for any other reason. 

                    Entering Canada using a temporary resident permit

                    You can enter or stay in Canada on a temporary resident permit, if 

                    • More than five years have passed since the end of your sentence or 
                    • There is a valid reason for you to be in Canada. 

                    If you travel to Canada for a valid reason but are still inadmissible, you may be issued a temporary resident permit. However, immigration or border services would decide if your necessity to enter or remain in Canada weighs against any health or safety of Canadian society.

                    Additionally, you must demonstrate the validity of your visit even if the reason you are not allowed to enter appears minor.

                    You can find the list of other criminal offices in the Criminal Code of Canada

                    Source: IRCC


                  • Canada Needs To Think Bigger About Immigration – CIBC CEOThursday, 27 October 2022, 9:32 AM EDT

                    The CEO of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC), Victor Dodig, called on to reform immigration policy of Canada to fill the labour market gaps.

                    Dodig explained that employers frequently offer lower wages, professions often undervalue skills acquired abroad, and housing costs have risen to the point where they may discourage talented foreigners.

                    Further, Dodig says welcoming in this context doesn’t just mean accepting immigrants. It entails ensuring that immigrants can prosper and actively participate in society and the economy once they arrive. Canada needs to improve on this front.

                    Dodig’s intervention before the release of the next Immigration Levels Plan 

                    Dodig’s intervention comes as the federal government prepares to release its next Immigration Levels Plan. The policy update will specify how many immigrants the country will welcome each year through various schemes. 

                    The current plan calls for Canada to accept 431,645 new permanent residents in 2022, 447,055 in 2023, and 451,000 in 2024. Dodig, an immigrant’s son, asked the government to consider raising such standards to offset the consequences of an aging workforce


                    He stated that for Canada to have “the population density, human capital, and potential to be a leader in the new economy,” it requires thinking bigger about immigration. 

                    According to Statistics Canada, immigration has a significant impact on the labour market in Canada, contributing 84% of the growth in the country’s total labour force during the 2010s. However, data also indicate that newcomers’ abilities are frequently underused. 

                    For example, according to Statistics Canada, the proportion of immigrants with a university degree working in positions requiring a degree declined from 46% in 2001 to 38% in 2016, compared to 60% for employees born in Canada.


                    Dodig’s list of suggested policy changes included closing the gap. He urged the provinces to expedite the accreditation of skilled people who received training in other countries. 

                    He says immigrants wind up working in jobs well below their skill level, unable to contribute as much as they desire and as much as Canada needs. Adding to this, he said that this together with an increased cost of living, runs the danger of damaging Canada’s reputation as a country of opportunity.

                    Maintaining Canada’s reputation

                    According to Rebekah Young, vice president and director of inclusion and resilience economics at the Bank of Nova Scotia, it is “premature to imply that there is a significant diminishing of demand to come to Canada just yet.” 


                    However, she said, governments at all levels must address services under pressure, such as high-quality education and easy access to medical care—elements that have long been enticing aspects of Canadian life.

                    The future viability of Canada as a travel destination will depend on the choices and actions made now, according to Young. Today’s choices and deeds will determine whether Canada remains an attractive country in the future, continued Young.

                    In addition, a severe labour shortage coincides with Dodig’s proposal for a reassessment of immigration policy.


                    Experts and Canada government’s response 

                    Canadian government took a small step toward addressing the issue this month, announcing that it will temporarily remove a cap on work hours for international students, allowing approximately 500,000 international students to work more than 20 hours per week beginning in November.

                    However, it is still unclear why didn’t they remove the upper cap for open work permit holders.

                    According to experts, addressing the problem will need considerably more effort. Vacancies reached a record high of roughly one million this summer, a sign of things to come as more Canadian baby boomers retire.


                    Immigration can be beneficial, but only if Canada remains a desirable destination since many other aging Western countries will also be looking for workers. Dodig noted that high housing costs and an abundance of occupations that do not pay enough for individuals to get ahead” were obstacles to Canadian recruiting efforts. 

                    The CEO of CIBC suggested expanding rental housing as a route to homeownership and using the public property “strategically” to alleviate the housing shortage.

                    Dodig says that CIBC has committed to increasing its minimum pay from $20 per hour to $25 per hour by 2025 and urged other employers to take similar steps. Further, he explains that they increased wages, realizing the necessity of recruiting talent, but also the need to offer pay that can substantially contribute to household finances.


                    According to Scotiabank’s Young, housing affordability is a concern right now, not only for immigrants but for all Canadians. However, given current pricing trends, she noted, newcomers face even higher costs when buying a new house or finding rental housing.

                    Young predicted that newcomers could start to choose cities or regions where their money goes further. She added that this situation should put additional pressure on governments to implement the required changes to unleash more supply.

                    Recognizing foreign credentials In Canada

                    In a statement released last month, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) acknowledged that recognizing credentials in regulated professions might pose a considerable obstacle for new immigrants and postpone the benefits of immigration on the Canadian economy.


                    The government department stated that foreign credential recognition is challenging. Since provinces and territories are in charge of most regulated professions and trades and often further assign that responsibility to regulatory organizations. 

                    The IRCC stated that it was collaborating with Employment and Social Development Canada, the federal agency in charge of the Foreign Credential Recognition Program, and the provinces and territories to “make collective advancements” to address this issue.

                    Source: Financial Post


                  • Top Source Of Immigrants In Canada Is India Now – New DataWednesday, 26 October 2022, 8:00 PM EDT

                    Statistics Canada released the sixth round of the Census data report today, providing an updated statistical portrait of the immigrants population. The report shows that immigrants account for nearly 1 in 4 of the Canadian population, the highest proportion in more than 150 years.

                    More than 8.3 million people, or about 23.0% of the population, were or will be landed immigrants or permanent residents in Canada in 2021. It was the greatest proportion since Confederation, surpassing the previous 22.3% set in 1921, and the most among the G7 countries.

                    Learn about Canada’s new demographic and the impact of immigration on the economy and understand how census data is used. 

                    For the first time, India topped the rankings

                    The percentage of immigrants who initially entered Canada temporarily on employment or study visas or asylum seekers before being approved as permanent residents was particularly high among recent immigrants who settled since 2016 (36.6%). 

                    Most recent immigrants (62.0%) were born in Asia, which includes the Middle East. However, India is the leading nation of birth for recent immigrants to Canada, accounting for nearly one in five (18.6%) of all new immigrants.


                    India is followed by the Philippines (11.4%) and China (8.9%) among the top source of countries. Asia has risen to the top position as a source of new immigrants over time, and this trend persisted in 2021. Additionally, there were more new immigrants from Africa. 

                    Report summary and demographics of the new immigrants 

                    Almost one in every four persons (23.0%) counted in the 2021 Census is or has been a landed immigrant or permanent resident in Canada. This percentage was the greatest proportion since Confederation, surpassing the previous record of 22.3% in 1921, and the highest proportion among G7 countries.

                    The highest number of recent immigrants counted in a Canadian census was a little over 1.3 million, who arrived in Canada to live permanently between 2016 and 2021. 

                    Additionally, the number of recent immigrants settling in Atlantic Canada tripled in the last 15 years, increasing from 1.2% in 2006 to 3.5% in 2021.


                    In addition, more than 50 percent of recent immigrants residing in Canada were accepted under the economic category. Just over one-third (34.5%) of these 748,120 economic immigrants were chosen through skilled worker programs, while another third (33.6%) were chosen through the Provincial Nominee Program.

                    The majority of immigrants to Canada historically originated in Europe. Comparatively, the proportion of recent European immigrants decreased from 61.6% in 1971 to 10.1% in 2021. However, the percentage of new immigrants born in Asia (including the Middle East) has increased while the percentage of new immigrants born in Europe has decreased during the past 50 years.

                    Almost all recent immigrants (92.7%) can engage in a conversation in either English or French.


                    Second-generation Canadians (children of immigrants) under the age of 15 with at least one parent born abroad increased from 26.7% in 2011 to 31.5% in 2021.

                    The impact of immigration on Canada’s economy 

                    Immigration is currently the major cause of population increase in Canada since its aging population and fertility rates are below the required level for population growth. 

                    Canada’s population might be between 29.1% and 34.0% of immigrants by 2041, according to Statistics Canada’s most current demographic forecasts, if these trends continue.


                    The COVID-19 pandemic brought to light immigrants’ impact on Canada’s labour economy. Immigration is now more important than ever to the labour market. With the aging working population, job openings increased by 80 percent in late 2021 compared to pre-pandemic levels. 

                    Recent immigrants make up a strong labour force that can reduce the effects of labour shortages in various industries and locations around the nation because of their younger age distribution than the overall population. 

                    Moreover, immigrants drove four-fifths of the increase in the labour force between 2016 and 2021. In addition, more and more immigrants have lived in Canada before residing permanently, and most of the recent immigrants were selected for their ability to boost the country’s economy.


                    How is this census data used? 

                    The census is one of the most comprehensive sources of data on immigration in Canada, allowing for comparison over time and region.

                    Federal, provincial, territorial and municipal governments, paired with non-governmental and community organizations, use this information to create and evaluate immigration policies and programs and to plan and implement education, health care, housing and other services. 

                    Moreover, public decision-makers, employers and healthcare providers use this data to meet the needs of new immigrants. 


                    Source: Statistics Canada

                  • Latest Express Entry Draw Sent 4,750 New Invites For PR!Wednesday, 26 October 2022, 3:15 PM EDT

                    Today, Express Entry Draw invited 4,750 profiles to apply for permanent residency (PR). Applicants having a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 496 or above received the invitations.

                    CRS cut off score has reduced by 4 points as compared to Express Entry draw two weeks ago. Furthermore, number of invites are gradually increasing by 500 in every subsequent Express Entry draw. This is the ninth all program Express Entry draw this year.


                    Below are the details of today’s All Program Express Entry draw.

                    • Number of invitations issued: 4,750
                    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 4,750 or above
                    • Date and time of round: October 26,2022 13:05:36 UTC
                    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 496
                    • Tie-breaking rule: May 09,2022 09:04:20 UTC

                    All program Express Entry draws include all the the Express Entry profiles under Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades (FST). Additionally, it also consider profiles under any of the aforementioned categories having a provincial nomination.

                    Next Express Entry draw cut off is projected to be around 490 as per CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of October 24, 2022 listed below.

                    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of October 24, 2022

                    What is Express Entry?

                    Express Entry system is the fastest way to get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR). It has processing time of 6 months after submission of documents following the ITA.

                    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based methodology, is used by Express Entry to rate applicant profiles. The highest-scoring applicants are given an Invitation to Apply (ITA), after which they can submit an application for permanent residence.


                    The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) all use Express Entry as their application management system (FSTP).

                    Candidates for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) who are in the Express Entry pool are already qualified for at least one of these programmes.

                    How much is current processing time for Express Entry?

                    • Canadian Experience Class – 17 months
                    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 26 months
                    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 47 months

                    More Reads!

                  • Here Are Latest IRCC Processing Times As Of October 25!Wednesday, 26 October 2022, 12:59 PM EDT

                    IRCC updated their online processing tool to provide accurate information on processing times in the beginning of 2022. This update was part of the effort to modernize the Canadian immigration system and was announced by immigration minister Sean Fraser on March 31, 2022. This article enlists latest processing times from IRCC website as of October, 25 2022.

                    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

                    In addition to accurate processing times, this tool is supposed to provide new weekly calculations from the previous six months’ data. Moreover, it reflects the application volume with operational challenges to help future immigrants plan their journey better. 


                    IRCC calculates processing time based on its time to process previous similar applications. The processing time begins when IRCC receives the application and ends when the immigration officer has decided on the application. Moreover, the processing time may vary on how the application was submitted on paper or online. 

                    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards
                    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship
                    • Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada: 23 months (increased by 1 month since last week)
                    • Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada: 14 months
                    • Parents or Grandparents: 37 months
                    Processing time for Canadian Passport 
                    • 1. In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services): 10 business days
                    • 2. In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre): 20 business days
                    • 4. In-Canda Urgent pick-up: By the end of the next business day
                    • 5. In-Canada Express pick-up: 2-9 business days
                    • 6. Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada: 20 business days after receiving.
                    Processing time for Economic Class 
                    • Canadian Experience Class (CEC): 17 months
                    • Federal Skilled Worker (FSWP): 26 months 
                    • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP): 47 months 
                    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via express entry: 15 months  
                    • Non-Express Entry PNP: 23 months (reduced by 3 months since last week) 
                    • Quebec skilled worker: 24 months. 
                    • Quebec business class: 65 months.   
                    • Federal Self-employed: 41 months
                    • Atlantic Immigration Program: 15 months.
                    • Start-up Visa: 32 months  
                    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 
                    • Visitor visa outside Canada: Varies by country (India: 154 days – Increased by 7 days since last update on October 19)
                    • Visitor visa inside Canada: 16 days online and 42 days by paper. (Increased by 1 day since last update on October 19)
                    • Parents or grandparents Super Visa: Varies by country (India: 92 days:  Increased by 15 days since last update on October 19) 
                    • Visitor extension (Visitor record): 203 days online and 182 days by paper. (reduced by 1 day (online) and 2 days (paper based) since last update on October 19) 
                    • Study permit outside Canada: 13 weeks
                    • Study permit inside Canada: 4 weeks 
                    • Work permit outside Canada: Varies by country (India: 16 weeks: Reduced by 2 weeks since last update on October 19)Applications for critical occupations are being prioritised. If you are not applying for a job in a critical occupation, your processing time may be longer than shown above.
                    • Study permit extension: 83 days online and 76 days by paper. (Increased by 4 days (online) and 1 day (paper-based) last update on October 19).
                    • Work permit inside Canada (initial application or extension): 169 days online and 86 days by paper. (increased by 1 day (online), but reduced by 1 day (paper-based) since last update on October 19)
                    • International Experience Canada (Current Season): 7 Weeks – IEC 2022 (International Experience Canada) Ended On Oct 17

                    Here Are Country-Wise Study Permit Approval Rates For Canada

                    Source: IRCC

                    More Reads!
                  • IRCC To Now Use Automated Tool To Process Visitor RecordsWednesday, 26 October 2022, 9:02 AM EDT

                    Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is expanding its use of advanced analytics and other automated technology to improve the processing of visitor record applications, according to the last IRCC notice released on October 12, 2022. 

                    The new automated tool is to help sort and process all visitor record applications. However, it never denies or recommends refusals. Instead, an IRCC officer always decides to approve or refuse applications. This articles will help you understand:

                    How does the new tool help IRCC & applicants?  

                    The new tool helps IRCC by identifying routine applications for faster processing. For example, when the tool detects regular applications, it may determine whether an applicant is eligible and forward the file to an officer, who will decide if the applicant is still admissible to Canada and make the final judgment.

                    The tool uses rules created with IRCC officers or machine learning based on data from past IRCC files. In addition, the advanced analytics tool is reviewed regularly to ensure that it is operating correctly and that the results are consistent with applications that have passed a thorough human review.


                    For non-routine cases, the automated tool assists in sorting and assigning cases depending on their level of complexity to officers for a thorough individual assessment and decision, utilizing only guidelines created by IRCC officers. It also includes case notes to assist the officer in summarizing basic application information.

                    Moreover, this new automated program handles most of the clerical and repetitive tasks associated with sorting applications, allowing IRCC officers to focus their time on analyzing applications and making final decisions. As a result, applicants can expect quick decisions and shorter overall processing times for visitor record applications.

                    Frequently Asked Questions

                    How does the IRCC automated tool work? 

                    When you apply for a visitor record, the tool will sort and check if your application meets the essential eligibility criteria. If eligible, the program will send it to an officer to confirm admissibility and make the final decision. 


                    The program uses machine learning and data from previous IRCC applications to sort applications. The tool helps eliminate repetitive and clerical steps of reviewing each application. It will help to process applications fasters and send out decisions faster. 

                    Can the new tool reject applications? 

                    No. The new tool will check your admissibility and verify if it meets the criteria. If your application includes something uncommon or complex, it will sort and send to the officer along with your application summary. 

                    The officer will then assess the application on an individual case basis and decide on your application approval or denial. However, this does not mean that your application will be delayed or processed later. 


                    On the contrary, since the main function of the new tool is to help process applications faster, even if your application gets sorted differently, it will be processed more quickly. 

                    What can you do to ensure smooth processing? 

                    To make sure that the new automated tool deems your application as eligible, you should:

                    • Make sure you submitted a complete application 
                    • Include all information required on all forms 
                    • Attach all support documents 
                    • Add a letter of explanation if your application has something unusual or uncommon. 
                    • Try to make your combined application and letter of explanation as clear as possible. 

                    Source: IRCC

                  • Ontario PNP Sent 642 New Invites For PR – October 25Tuesday, 25 October 2022, 5:35 PM EDT

                    Today, Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) commonly known as Ontario PNP sent 642 invites for permanent residency (PR) under 3 different streams; Masters Graduate Stream, PhD Graduate stream, and Employer Job Offer: Foreign Worker stream (EMPP).


                    This draw considered profiles created between October 25, 2021 – October 25, 2022. In 2022 so far a total of 3,165 invites have been sent under Masters Graduate stream and 445 under PhD graduate stream.

                    Check in later part of this article, list of eligible universities for OINP Masters Graduate and PhD Graduate Stream. Following are the official details of today’s draw:

                    Ontario Masters Stream Eligible Universities
                    • Algoma University
                    • Brescia University College (Affiliated with the University of Western Ontario)
                    • Brock University
                    • Carleton University
                    • Dominican University College
                    • Huron University College (Affiliated with the University of Western Ontario)
                    • King’s University College at the University of Western Ontario
                    • Lakehead University
                    • Laurentian University
                    • McMaster University
                    • Nipissing University
                    • Ontario College of Art & Design University
                    • Queen’s University
                    • Royal Military College of Canada
                    • Ryerson University
                    • Saint Paul University (Federated with the University of Ottawa)
                    • St. Jerome’s University (Federated with the University of Waterloo)
                    • Trent University
                    • Guelph: University of Guelph
                    • University of Ontario Institute of Technology
                    • Ottawa: University of Ottawa
                    • University of St. Michael’s College (Federated with the University of Toronto)
                    • Toronto: University of Toronto
                    • University of Trinity College (Federated with the University of Toronto)
                    • Waterloo: University of Waterloo
                    • University of Windsor
                    • Victoria University (Federated with the University of Toronto)
                    • Western University
                    • Wilfrid Laurier University
                    • York University
                    Ontario PhD Stream Eligible Universities
                    • Brock University
                    • Carleton University
                    • Dominican University College
                    • Lakehead University
                    • Laurentian University
                    • McMaster University
                    • Nipissing University
                    • Queen’s University
                    • Royal Military College of Canada
                    • Ryerson University
                    • Saint Paul University (Federated with the University of Ottawa)
                    • St. Jerome’s University (Federated with the University of Waterloo)
                    • Trent University
                    • University of Guelph
                    • University of Ontario Institute of Technology
                    • University of Ottawa
                    • University of St. Michael’s College (Federated with the University of Toronto)
                    • University of Toronto
                    • University of Trinity College (Federated with the University of Toronto)
                    • University of Waterloo
                    • University of Windsor
                    • Victoria University (Federated with the University of Toronto)
                    • Western University
                    • Wilfrid Laurier University
                    • York University

                    More Reads
                  • Canada PGP 2022 Update-IRCC Sent 23,100 New Invites For PRTuesday, 25 October 2022, 3:33 PM EDT

                    Today, IRCC announced an update regarding the Canada Parents and Grandparents Program. The update states that IRCC has completed sending 23,100 Invitations to Apply to potential sponsors who submitted their Interest to Sponsor form in 2020.  

                    Therefore, IRCC recommends checking the email sponsors used to submit their interest to sponsor form. Those who received an invitation to apply have until December 24, 2022, 11:59 p.m. EST to submit their PGP application in the Permanent Residence online application portal


                    However, suppose you no longer have your confirmation number or access to the email address you used to submit your Interest to Sponsor form. In that case, you may utilize the Lost My Confirmation Number tool

                    If you are unable to submit your PGP application online due to accessibility issues, please follow these steps:

                    • Contact IRCC using a web form
                    • Under the type of application/enquiry, select technical difficulties from the drop-down menu.
                    • In the text box, enter the keyword “PGP2022″ on your message’s first line to ensure you get a fast response.

                    Tips for Grandparents and parents 2022 Application Process: 

                    Invited sponsors must use IRCC’s new Permanent Residence Portal or the Representative Permanent Residence Portal to complete the details electronically.

                    IRCC recognizes that many potential sponsors may have had financial difficulties due to the pandemic in recent years. As a result, such sponsors will benefit more from the decreased income threshold for parent and grandparent sponsorship.


                    The minimum necessary income for the 2020 and 2021 tax years will simply be the minimum required income. Therefore, there will be no need to provide additional 30% income evidence.

                    Further, general Employment Insurance benefits and temporary COVID-19 benefits (such as the Canada Emergency Response Benefit) will be allowed to be calculated against the sponsor’s income.

                    Processing Time & Fee for PGP

                    The IRCC processing fee for a single parent is $1,080. If the parent’s spouse is accompanying them, an extra $1085 will be applicable, aside from the additional $155 for accompanying the dependent child. The current processing period for existing PGP applications is 37 months.


                    Alternative to PGP, Super Visa for Parents & Grandparents 

                    The Canada Parents and Grandparents Program has long been considered a lottery. Due to the limited number of invitations sent each year, getting an invite mostly depends on luck. 

                    However, there is an alternative, children and grandchildren residing in Canada may consider filing for a Super Visa for their parents or grandparents.

                    Applying for a Super Visa may be a good option, as Canada recently announced an extension of the super visa stay to 5 years. Additionally, IRCC will grant a two-year extension after the initial five-year period, allowing them to stay for 7 years. 


                  • Latest PEI PNP Draw Sent Highest Number of New InvitationsMonday, 24 October 2022, 12:07 PM EDT

                    October 20, 2022 – PEI PNP Draw (Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program) sent 204 new invites for PR, under two different categories. This draw sent highest number of invites in a single PEI draw since October 2021. 

                    194 candidates were invited under Labour & Express Entry category while just 10 invitations went to Business Work Permit Entrepreneur category. Previously, highest number of invitations under Labour & Express Entry category was 142 in September 2022 draw.

                    Minimum point threshold for Business Invitations reduced by 13 points to 72 as compared to last draw in September 2022.

                    Prince Edward Island PNP draws are held once a month and are declared around 15th to 20th of every month. Previously, PEI PNP draw in September 2022 invited 147 candidates.

                    So far, largest PEI PNP draw was in October 2021 inviting 204 applicants. Overall, PEI PNP has invited 1,463 applicants in 2022.

                    PEI PNP Draw – EXPRESS ENTRY CATEGORY

                    Candidates eligible for Express Entry category need to have a valid Expression of Interest (EOI) profile with the PEI PNP in addition to their Express Entry Profile under either FSW, FST or CEC.

                    PEI PNP Draw – LABOUT IMPACT CATEGORY

                    Labour Impact Category also requires a valid EOI profile with PEI PNP under one of the streams; Skilled Worker, Critical Worker, or International Graduate. It also requires a valid job offer and support by an employer in PEI.


                    Business Impact Category is for foreign entrepreneurs who want to start their own business in the PEI. Cut off score for this category was 60 in this draw under Work Permit Stream.

                    HOW TO APPLY FOR PEI PNP

                    For more information on eligibility and how to apply for different immigration programs of the Prince Edward Island, click here

                    About Prince Edward Island

                    Prince Edward Island is one of maritime provinces in eastern Canada. Also, it is the smallest province of Canada. It is located just next to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Furthermore, this province is marked by red-sand beaches, lighthouses, and fertile farmland.


                    Charlottetown is the capital of Prince Edward Island. Adding further, it is renowned for seafood like lobster and mussels. Charlottetown is home to Victorian government buildings and the modern Confederation Centre of the Arts, with a theatre and art gallery. Prince Edward Island has area of 5,660 km and population of 156,947 (in 2019).

                  • Canada PR For Self-Employed Persons – All You Need To Know Monday, 24 October 2022, 9:08 AM EDT

                    If you are self-employed and looking for options to immigrate to Canada, you may be interested in the Self-employed Persons Program. 

                    Canada’s Self-employed Persons Program enables eligible foreign nationals who are self-employed and have relevant experience in cultural activities or athletics to settle permanently in Canada. 

                    Overview of the process 

                    To be considered for immigration as a self-employed person, you must satisfy the eligibility requirements and receive at least a passing mark under the program’s selection criteria.

                    As an interested candidate, you must:

                    • Have significant experience in cultural activities or athletics 
                    • Make a substantial contribution to Canada’s cultural or athletic life

                    Moreover, the Self-Employed Persons Program has no set minimum net worth requirement. You must, however, show that you have enough funds to settle in Canada with your dependent family and be able to finance the work that led to your selection in the program. 

                    Who can apply?

                    For immigrating as a self-employed person, you must meet all the following requirements: 

                    • Possess relevant experience 
                    • Be able to be self-employed in Canada 
                    • Satisfy the program’s selection criteria 
                    • Meet security, medical and other conditions. 

                    What is relevant experience? 

                    A self-employed person must have at least two years of relevant experience. However, you can get additional points if you have 3, 4, or 5 years of experience.

                    Having relevant experience means you have participated in world-class athletics or cultural activities. Or, you have been a self-employed person in athletics or cultural activities. 

                    For cultural activities, the minimum experience must be: 

                    • Either two one-year periods of being self-employed in cultural activities; or
                    • Two one-year periods as a participant at a world-class level in cultural activities; or
                    • Have a combination of one year of experience as a self-employed and a world-class participant in cultural activities. 

                    For athletics, the minimum experience must be: 

                    • Having two one-year periods as a self-employed in athletics; or 
                    • Two one-year periods as a world-class participant in athletics; or 
                    • A combined one-year period of being self-employed and a world-class participant in athletics. 

                    Selection-Criteria for Self-Employed Persons Program 

                    You should get a minimum of 35 points based on the five selection criteria below. The five selection criteria are: 

                    The selection criteria are based on the following factors: 

                    • experience
                    • education
                    • age
                    • language abilities
                    • adaptability

                    However, you can get a maximum of 100 points. The table below explains how points are distributed.

                    How can you maximize your points? 

                    Considering the selection factors, you can maximize your points within each criterion if you meet the following. However, remember that to be eligible, you only need 35 points. 


                    If you hold a Master’s or Ph.D. and have completed at least 17 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study, you will earn 25 points. While if you have two or more bachelor’s level university degrees with at least 15 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study, you will get 20 points. 


                    Having five years of relevant experience will earn you 35 points. At the same time, four years of experience will get you 30 points, three years 25 points and two years 20 points. 



                    You will earn 10 points if you are within the 21-49 age group. 

                    Language abilities:

                    For having high to moderate English or French language proficiency, you will earn 24 points. These points will be based on your listening, speaking, reading and writing abilities. 

                    Moreover, if you have proficiency in both languages, you may select the one you are most comfortable with as your official language and the other as your second language. 


                    To prove your language proficiency, you may choose to appear for IELTS or CELPIP for English and TEF Canada or TCF Canada for French. 


                    You can earn a maximum of 6 points for any of the following combinations. 

                    • Level of education of spouse or common-law partner
                      • One year diploma, certificate, university degree and at least 12 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 3 points
                      • Two-year diploma, certificate, university degree and at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 4 points
                      • Have a master’s degree or Ph.D. and at least 17 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 5 points
                    • One year of Canadian work experience: 5 point
                      • You, your spouse, or your common-law partner have at least one year of full-time experience in Canada on a valid permit. 
                    • Canadian education: 5 points
                      • A full-time study program of at least two years at a Canadian post-secondary institution completed by you, your spouse, or your common-law partner will award you 5 points. 
                    • Have relatives in Canada: 5 points
                      • If you have a Canadian citizen or permanent resident relative who resides in Canada, you will earn 5 points.

                    Source: IRCC

                  • Canada Immigration Check – Know Here What Happens At AirportSaturday, 22 October 2022, 9:04 AM EDT

                    When you arrive in Canada as an immigrant for the first time, you will have to undergo two screening interviews. This interview process can be quick if you have all your paperwork and information is in order as well as you are aware of the information mentioned in this article. 

                    In this article, you can learn:

                    1. Overview of the immigration check at Canada airports
                    2. Bringing personal goods to Canada 
                    3. Items that are restricted

                    Overview of the immigration check at Canada Airports 

                    First interview: verifying official documents 

                    During your first interview, a CBSA officer will:

                    • Greet and welcome you 
                    • Request for your visa and travel documents. 
                    • Verify that you and any accompanying family members have proper travel documents 
                    • Ask about your health 
                    • May ask you questions similar to those on your immigrant application form, including:
                      • Are you travelling with your family?
                      • Have you been convicted of a serious crime in your home country?
                      • How long do you plan to stay in Canada?
                      • How much money do you have with you?
                      • Are you healthy?
                      • Have you been to Canada before? Were you required to leave?

                    After your first interview, you will meet another CBSA officer who will check the items you bring. You may work with the same officer twice at some ports of entry. 

                    Second interview: personal goods

                    During the second interview, you must declare what items you bring into Canada. The officer will request to see your declaration card to check what you are bringing to Canada. 

                    Then, you must inform the officer that you have arrived in Canada to immigrate. After that, the officer may direct you in another direction for the customs process.

                    You must provide the officer with a list of the items you carry with you and those that will arrive later. You and the officer will go over both lists, and they could ask you questions regarding some of the items. The officer could also inspect your bags.


                    Here are some of the questions the officer may ask, What are you bringing with you to Canada? Furthermore, they may also ask do you have any:

                    • live animals or plants with you?
                    • firearms, ammunition or fireworks with you?
                    • meat or dairy products with you?
                    • fresh fruits or vegetables with you?
                    • items from endangered species?

                    Always Remember – Never provide misleading information

                    Answer all questions as truthfully as possible. Because, providing misleading or false information is a serious crime in Canada. So, you may not be allowed to stay in Canada if you make a false statement. 

                    However, the process will be swift if you are well prepared and don’t bring any prohibited things into Canada.

                    The officer will sign your Confirmation of Permanent Residence and approve your admission into Canada as a permanent resident if there are no issues.


                    Bringing personal goods to Canada 

                    You can bring your personal and household belongings duty-free while moving to Canada from another country. However, any unopened goods you bring will be subject to duty charges.

                    Generally, when goods enter Canada, the government charges a fee for those new goods called a duty. 

                    However, you do not have to pay duty on the following items: 

                    • books
                    • linens
                    • clothes
                    • jewellery
                    • antiques
                    • furniture
                    • silverware
                    • musical instruments
                    • gifts worth CDN $60 or less each
                    • hobby tools and other hobby items
                    • private collections of coins, stamps or art
                    • appliances, such as a stove or refrigerator

                    However, you do have to pay duty on the following items:

                    • farm equipment
                    • equipment you plan to use in:
                      • contracting
                      • construction
                      • manufacturing
                    • vehicles you plan to use for business
                    • items you have bought on your way to Canada
                    • items you have leased or rented
                      • Leased or rented items are not considered as things that you own 

                    Bring your sales receipts and registration paperwork if you’re unsure about paying duty on particular items.

                    Wedding gifts

                    You can bring your wedding gifts without paying duty if you:

                    • get married within three months of arriving in Canada
                    • have plans to marry no later than three months after you arrive 

                    Nevertheless, you must have owned the goods before you arrived in Canada. The same rules apply to domestic items brought in as wedding presents.

                    Tobacco and alcohol

                    If you bring alcohol or cigarettes, you may be required to pay duty. Learn more about the restrictions that apply to these items.

                    Bringing Vehicles to Canada

                    Vehicles brought into Canada for personal use are duty-free. However, there may be some restrictions. For example, cars must comply with Canadian safety and pollution control regulations.


                    Learn more about vehicle importation into Canada.

                    Items that are restricted In Canada

                    There are different rules for bringing firearms into Canada depending on whether you are:

                    In addition, bringing endangered species, animals, and plants into Canada is prohibited. 

                    Jewellery or valuable ornaments

                    During customs interviews, officers may inquire about your jewellery or precious ornaments. So make sure to include these things in your list of goods. To avoid customs delays while entering Canada:

                    • Use your insurance policy wording or jeweller’s appraisal on your list of goods.
                    • Add photographs of the items.
                    • Have a receipt showing how much you paid for the item
                      • Family heirlooms are exempt from duty or tax 


                    Ensure that you declare all gifts to the Canada Border Services Agency. You: 

                    • May bring gifts worth CAD 60 or less each duty-free and tax-free
                    • have to pay duties and taxes on any gift over CAD 60 
                    • Can’t bring tobacco and alcohol as gifts

                    Source: IRCC

                  The post New NOC Codes In Canada: Step-Wise Guide To Find Your NOC appeared first on INC – Immigration News Canada.
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