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Steaming in: Galicia’s scenic – and free – thermal baths | Spa breaks



A bronzed, willowy veteran in black Speedos glides into the shallow, round-ish thermal pool snuggled right into a grassy riverbank. It’s one in every of a huddle of rock swimming pools, with bushes and a modest picket altering hut. We’re the one individuals right here bathing beneath a cement-coloured sky that appears to inhale the steam billowing from the baths. It may very well be an onsen in rural Japan, besides I’m about 10,000 miles from there, in north-west Spain.

Map for Ourense

The Outariz and Burga de Canedo thermal baths in Galicia are the most important of the council-run thermal areas in Ourense, with six thermal swimming pools and two chilly plunge swimming pools, linked by a white, curved metallic footbridge. In the present day, it’s nearly empty and, most significantly, free to make use of, like most thermal baths right here.

I didn’t know Ourense, or its thermal springs, existed till I lately stumbled throughout an American couple on YouTube who have been doing the Minho Thermal Route – a delicate wander alongside the river of that title, which takes in 4 thermal bathing areas (three public, one personal). It regarded so beautiful on their video that I needed to comply with their lead. So right here I’m, on the final cease on the brief 4km (two-and-a-half-mile) hike, melting into thermal waters.

‘It may very well be an onsen in rural Japan’ … Outariz and Burga de Canedo, council-run thermal baths in Ourense. {Photograph}:

On the way in which again to Ourense, I snake by wise-looking bushes with fluffy beards, fairly purple bottlebrush, and a few cormorants perched on a mossy department within the fast-flowing Minho – Galicia’s longest river. I cross a hórreo (a conventional Galician granary), a tunnel graffitied with a mural of Albert Einstein, and a household tucking right into a picnic beneath an umbrella too small for 4. All of the whereas, the mighty Minho drowns out the hum of vehicles from a close-by highway.

I cease to swill my mouth with thermal water at Fonte do Tinteiro – a solitary blue fountain on a picket deck overlooking the river. Then I skirt by the gorgeous however waterlogged Chavasqueira thermal baths (it’s winter and the riverbanks have burst). Subsequent, I cross the spectacular Ponte Romana, town’s historic Roman bridge, earlier than arriving at Ourense’s outdated city.

Chavasqueira thermal baths by the Mino River. {Photograph}: Alberto Paredes/Alamy

Based as a Roman spa city in Galicia’s solely landlocked province (additionally Ourense), it seems like all the good Spanish cities – timeworn squares, twisting cobbled streets and numerous conventional tapas eating places – solely with out the hordes of worldwide vacationers.


One of many delicacies right here – served, appropriately, at Bar Orellas – is oreja, or pigs’ ears, which look and style precisely how you’d count on. The culinary scene, nevertheless, isn’t restricted to meaty classics like this. There are additionally a handful of Michelin-acknowledged eating places with glorious, revolutionary menus, corresponding to Nova, Ceibe and Pacífico. Nonetheless, Ourense’s major draw is its thermal springs.

Ponte Romana, the Roman bridge over the Minho River, dates again to when Roman troopers used town’s mineral-rich waters as a type of post-battle convalescence. {Photograph}: vicvaz/Getty Photos

“Ourense is the thermal capital of Galicia. Not many individuals realise, however we’ve about 70 thermal springs pumping an estimated three million litres of thermal water every day,” Karlos Sanmartín, a neighborhood tour information, tells me over espresso at La Zapatería del Abuelo, a cute church-like shoe store turned cafe within the metropolis’s outdated city.

Locals, in-the-know expats and a small swell of vacationers bathe in Ourense’s sizzling springs year-round, eager to make the most of the supposed therapeutic advantages – from easing arthritic ache and soothing pores and skin situations to aiding circulation and respiratory points. It’s not as widespread as Hungary or Iceland however thermal tourism right here isn’t new.

Roman troopers got here nearly 2,000 years in the past to make use of town’s mineral-rich waters as a type of post-battle convalescence. “They used the recent springs as a spot of relaxation, therapeutic, leisure and rest, but in addition as a spot of worship,” Karlos says.

The Romans named Ourense “Aquis Aurienses” or “town of golden waters” after discovering gold nuggets within the river that washed down from a close-by quarry.

As Burgas sizzling springs within the metropolis centre. {Photograph}: Basotxerri/Alamy

Karlos tells me the Romans would talk about their every day affairs whereas bathing collectively at As Burgas – one in every of Ourense’s most well-known thermal areas, and the one thermal pool within the city centre. Stays of a Roman bathhouse and an altar have been discovered right here, main consultants to imagine it was as soon as a focus for pilgrims. In the present day As Burgas has an unassuming shallow, lido-like pool (at present beneath renovation and on account of open later in 2024), a small Moorish-looking plaza and a country fountain pumping sizzling spring water.

Earlier than saying our goodbyes, Karlos says I need to strive the baths at night time, his favorite time to go to.

I spend the afternoon strolling round Os Viños, a warren of tapas bars, eating places and watering holes within the outdated city. It’s full of weathered gothic, baroque and neoclassical buildings and smells like cigarettes and freshly fallen rain. I glide by means of the medieval-looking Plaza Mayor, house to the Bishop’s Palace and Metropolis Corridor, and lunch on glorious risotto at Tapa Negra – an awesome spot for individuals watching.

Plaza Mayor de Ourense. {Photograph}: DCarreno/Alamy

Later, I squeeze into Demamáluis, a delicatessen on a nook with room for 12 individuals, the place I eat a chunky slice of tortilla and revel in a glass of native vino for lower than £7. For dessert, I get pleasure from cheesecake and extra native purple wine at O Frade – an extended, slender tapas bar with framed brewery logos on the partitions and a leg of jámon dangling over-the-counter.

Throughout drier months, guests to the area take winery excursions at Ribeira Sacra – a beautiful Lord of the Rings valley close by. The bartender says Ourense is Galicia’s most outstanding wine area, house to 4 of its 5 denominacións de orixe (Ribeira Sacra, Ribeiro, Valdeorras and Monterrei). However the dialog comes again to the recent springs.

Ourense is Galicia’s most outstanding wine area … Vineyards in Ribeira Sacra. {Photograph}: Azahara Marcos de Leon/Alamy

“You’ll be able to style the minerals,” he says, pushing the glass of wine in direction of me. He’s proper, however the acidity is neutralised by the thick slab of Galician cheesecake I’m devouring at breakneck pace.


With my journey drawing to an in depth, I take a cab to Termas de Outariz for one last dip – this time beneath the moonlight. The curved, picket Japanese-style development is the one personal thermal resort on the Minho thermal route. In contrast to the general public areas, which shut at 8pm, it’s open till 11pm. It prices simply over a fiver and has 11 outside and three indoor thermal baths of various temperatures.

I pause to soak up the environment from the terrace, which overlooks a scattering of rocky, thermal baths, dense woodland and the thundering Minho River. Then, as nightfall descends, I tiptoe from Celtic-inspired rock swimming pools and waterfalls to cavernous granite huts and Japanese swimming pools comprised of wooden and stone. Quickly, it’s so darkish I can barely see my hand in entrance of my face.

Often, a gentle, bluish glow from the baths’ uplights reveals a solitary, blissful face that fades out and in of focus. Elsewhere, mates perched on rocks speak in hushed tones and {couples} steal intimate moments in darkish corners. As closing time approaches, I watch as steam rises and melts right into a black sky sprinkled with stars that appear to bop to the trickling sound of water. I whisper a bit of because of Karlos. He was proper: moonlit bathing is magical.


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