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The place vacationers seldom tread, half 8: 5 extra cities with hidden treasures | Weekend breaks

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Port Talbot

Port Talbot lately returned to the highlight, when Tata Metal introduced electrification and layoffs final month and the BBC broadcast Michael Sheen’s tv sequence The Method this week. Politicians and overseas corporations can shut down total cities with spectacular equanimity when the factories they’re mothballing and the lives they’re destroying are invisible. Port Talbot, nonetheless, would appear laborious to disregard. As you method on the M4, which undulates gamely on stilts throughout the skyline, the view of the huge Tata Metal plant is bracing. The hills on the inland aspect are squat, solid-looking lumps however greenish and nice sufficient. The ocean glints on the far aspect of the works. It’s possible you’ll catch sight of lovely Aberavon Seaside. Whitish steam – and a fiftieth of the UK’s CO2 emissions – curls up into gray estuarial cloud.

Like all fenced-in vegetation, Tata Metal’s is mysterious. Until you’re a employee or on official enterprise, you may’t go in to ogle the torpedo-shaped trains, giants’ ladles and tuyeres (smelting nozzles), or survey the piles of iron ore, limestone, coke and coal which can be alchemised into automobiles and ships and surgical scalpels and hip flasks. You possibly can’t hang around at locations with names like Monolithic Refractories, Margam Knuckle Yard or Center Mom Ditch. Geeks have been allowed to tour the location previously, however that was throughout a lull within the unhealthy information cycle.

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Baglan Bay, subsequent door, augurs a attainable future for Port Talbot (and all mono-industrial cities): a decaying void of ghostly fields, useless turbine halls and gutted workplaces the place petrochemicals had been manufactured for 4 a long time and, subsequently, a gas-fired energy station operated – for simply 17 years between 2003 and 2020. It’s technically off limits to ruin-ramblers, however courageous psychogeographers of abandonment do often go in and report their findings.

An ideal monastic complicated as soon as stood on this uncovered coast. Margam Abbey was based within the twelfth century by the Cistercians, an order that was spreading with imperialistic vigour from its base in Cîteaux, close to Dijon. Gerald of Wales was entertained there and praised the abbot, Conan, for his peerless acts of charity. Henry VIII dissolved what was a thriving industrial operation, and the property was handed over to the Rice Mansel household and their heirs proper up till 1941.

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Baglan and Margam had been welded to Aberafan to create Port Talbot – after Harrow-educated Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot, an MP for 60 years in addition to an industrialist pushed payments via parliament to develop his industrial pursuits. Sheep, coal and iron ore – Wales’s unholy trinity – drove the native financial system. Port Talbot was a maritime powerhouse lengthy earlier than Cardiff rose to prominence.

Since building within the Nineteen Sixties, the areas beneath the M4 have been taken again by each nature and residents. This part is a well-liked biking and horse driving path. From the sequence Bypassed by Nick St Oegger. {Photograph}: Nick St.Oegger

When the M4 got here, the mannequin village of Groes, deliberate and constructed within the 1830s by famend architect Edward Haycock, was razed to the bottom. The native historic society describes the tidy settlements as “Cotswolds-like”. Poet Gwyn Williams (1904-1990), who was born in Beverley Avenue, wrote: “We have now the scarred valleys to thank them for, the place veins of coal and ore had been scraped off eastwards; they’ve drowned valleys for the thirst of their factories; we’ve darkish ranked conifers massed the place sheep as soon as grazed the candy upland grass … And now the Vandals set about to erase (and slavish Glamorgan appears to simply accept it) this pretty village the place my mom was born.” The one little bit of the village to be salvaged was the Beulah Calvinistic Methodist chapel, which was dismantled and rebuilt in Tollgate Park in Margam. The phrase “Groes”, now not anchored to something, nonetheless seems on OS maps. Photographer Nic St Oegger’s sequence of photos of the city, titled Bypassed, captures the overriding affect of the elevated M4 as a bodily construction. The residents of tons of of British cities really feel bypassed, however few expertise it so brutally.

Port Talbot was born out of a sequence of commercial methods. Native staff and commerce unions say it’s prone to dying from the dearth of 1. In an previous movie reel displaying chancellor of the exchequer Hugh Gaitskell opening the brand new steelworks at Margam on 17 July 1951, chairman EH Lever factors out that new vegetation and expertise “can alter fully the sample of life over vast areas” and that “there are all the time some who see in such developments a component of tragedy in addition to of hope”. However it’s not likely about perceptions, is it?

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Issues to see: Beulah chapel, South Wales Miners’ Museum

Rochdale

‘The primary statue of a lady to be erected in Higher Manchester in additional than a century’ … A bronze of Gracie Fields in Rochdale. {Photograph}: Mark Waugh/Alamy

Lancashire’s dales are usually not capitalised like those to the east. However arriving by practice into the dale of the Roch, you could have a way of looming hills on both aspect and of a quasi-rural remoteness from Manchester. Mill chimneys level to the previous, however the embanked line opens up vistas of commercial items: a casualwear manufacturing unit, a driveways and patios enterprise, the processing plant for Krispy Kremes. Rochdale’s station is sort of a TGV cease in a single respect solely: it’s nowhere close to the centre. The railway line and first station had been opened in 1839. By the point this one was constructed, 50 years on, the city had grown in measurement and significance.

A 15-minute stroll into city lets you survey the small sprawl. An Asian grocery store, a Byzantine church, an African grocery store, tram strains, a Polish grocery store, a tattooist’s, a barber’s. Grandish higher facades, humble frontages. A waterside warehouse. A mural that appears like a carpet embellished with bolls.

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Woollen material and yarn had been traded right here from the sixteenth century, and hard materials like baize, tough kersey and softer flannel continued to be produced because the Industrial Revolution fired up. Water- and, later, steam-powered mills used uncooked cotton from American slave plantations to show Rochdale into a serious node of Lancashire textile manufacturing. There have been quarries close by for constructing supplies, and loads of impoverished upland farmworkers to employees the looms and spinning machines. The Rochdale canal, the earliest trans-Pennine waterway, transported textiles, coal and uncooked supplies north to Manchester and Sowerby Bridge, from the place they may very well be shipped onward to ocean and sea.

The city’s constructed atmosphere is a walk-round museum. There’s a dilapidated Grade II-listed home workshop at 17 Milnrow Street. A material service provider constructed 17 Yorkshire Avenue; it was later used as an ironmonger’s and a financial institution. Drake Avenue has good-looking middle-class homes. On Spotland Street, Pioneer Avenue and Equitable Avenue are rows of terraces constructed by the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers within the 1860s, about 20 years after the organisation was based. I had all the time assumed the unique members had been Gradgrinds, however the pleasant ladies on the museum on Toad Lane assured me they had been bona fide working class: weavers, shoemakers, woodworkers, a slubber (twiner of threads), a hawker (rag and bone man). The 13 males in an 1865 {photograph} of the Pioneers are carrying borrowed fits, and the desk earlier than them is papier-mache. The heroic co-operators – who spurned debt and lucre, ran library providers and night lessons, and accepted ladies when commerce unions barred them – made me suppose darkly of The Apprentice. The flagged Riverside Quarter, with its River Island, New Look, Superdrug, Costa Espresso, Starbucks and Bean, made me replicate within the different course: Victorian retailers, unbiased, artisanal, regionally managed.

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Rochdale Pioneers Museum, the place the fashionable co-operative motion was based in 1844. {Photograph}: Christopher Thomond/The Guardian

The lifesize bronze of Gracie Fields on the central sq. inevitably suggests wartime and empire, although she was the Scarlett Johansson of her day’s movie business in addition to the Taylor Swift of the airwaves; and he or she informed jokes. When it was unveiled in 2016 it was the primary statue of a lady to be erected in Higher Manchester in additional than a century. Pushing in opposition to rousing choruses of Fields hits akin to Want Me Luck and Sing As We Go are waves of synth emanating from a warehouse on the nook of Kenion Avenue and Baron Avenue, previously Cargo Studios, the place Pleasure Division recorded Environment. Autechre, Lisa Stansfield and Don Estelle had been additionally of the parish. AI is mashing all this up someplace in hell.

There’s a persistent delusion that Hitler, whereas hatching plans to invade England, was planning to spare Blackpool Seaside (as a result of he was a enjoyable man actually) and Rochdale city corridor (as a result of he had a factor for Gothic bombast). However there isn’t a corroboration of the hearsay. The magnificent municipal constructing, nonetheless present process a five-year, £20m restoration – and opening to the general public on 3 March – is a mad whirl of kinds and hues. The Nice Corridor, with hammerbeam roof and churchy home windows, is a simulacrum of Westminster Corridor. The doorway foyer echoes the inside of Córdoba’s Mezquita. The mayor’s eating room is a feast of floral painted paper, gleaming after a century of nicotine was eliminated utilizing cotton buds. The mythic martlet chicken is a daily motif – a “visitor of summer season”, as Banquo says in Macbeth. Fleeting, footless, divine. Exterior I see a useless starling. There are peregrines nesting on the clock tower. Which chicken shall Rochdale be? The city corridor, now a group asset reasonably than a palace for huffing and (cigar) puffing politicians, might maybe be a gentler, more true, kinder embodiment of John Shiny’s “mom of parliaments”.

Issues to see: Cotton Famine Street; Rochdale Pioneers Museum; Whitworth Heritage Museum

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Wick

‘North-east Scotland is flatter, sunnier, drier and fewer touristy than the mythologised north-west’ … Wick, Caithness. {Photograph}: Gill Kennett/Alamy

Herrings and whisky are two of my favorite issues, individually and collectively. In mid-Nineteenth-century Wick, the mixture led to social carnage and ethical outrage. The Rev Charles Thomson noticed: “The herring fishing has elevated wealth, but in addition wickedness. No care is taken of the ten,000 younger strangers of each sexes, crowded along with the inhabitants in the course of the six weeks of the fishing season … There’s a nice consumption of spirits, there being 22 public homes in Wick and 23 in Pulteneytown.”

Wick, on the time, was the busiest herring port in Europe. As many as 1,000 vessels had been moored there. It has been estimated that greater than 800 gallons of whisky – or 5,000 bottles – had been being consumed each week. Native males piled into the pubs, and when skippers arrived with their wages they’d have a celebratory drink. Rounds had been de rigueur. Some went house with simply coppers left of their pockets.

What to do? The city’s temperance-minded grandees organized a referendum. Cannily, they enfranchised the wives. Following speeches, public conferences and newspaper columns by each “wets” and “drys”, polling day arrived and a turnout of 77% was recorded: 62% voted no licence. Solely bona fide travellers might henceforth legally buy alcohol in Wick, and solely as an accompaniment to a meal.

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Prohibition was in pressure from 1922 to 1947, 12 years longer than within the US, and illicit alcohol was produced in not less than two clandestine stills. Underground consuming dens, or shebeens, sprang up across the city, together with one daringly sited in a decent restaurant, the place a silver teapot was used to dispense whisky to understanding clients.

The bars round Wick at this time nonetheless have a clandestine air. They’re painted in garish or hospital hues. Home windows are small and rare. The well-known pink T of Tennent’s Lager smacks of the USSR or 1984. None serves rollmops.

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North-east Scotland is flatter, sunnier, drier and fewer touristy than the mythologised north-west, with its isles and lochs, stags and Christmas timber. Whether or not you’re taking the A9 or trip on the Far North railway line, you get an ever rising sense of widening skies and horizons.

Wick is constructed from darkish gray stone, generally plastered in mild gray pebbledash known as harling. It appears powerful, like a frontier city, crowding the slopes across the harbour constructed by Thomas Telford within the first decade of the Nineteenth century. He designed Pulteneytown, arguably the primary housing property purpose-built to service an business. North of the river in Wick correct, the excessive avenue has been murdered. The herring had been fished out way back, and windfarms solely make use of just a few individuals. There isn’t any cinema or massive grocery store. It might really feel unhappy, however the surrounding countryside is dramatic and diverting; fulmars nest on the cliffs across the previous citadel; nice slabs of rock double as a summer season lido; and headlands open up views of distant shores. An indication informs the wanderer: London 490 miles, Bergen 350 miles. Wick is Vík. The native DNA has been examined: it’s proudly Nordic.

The Previous Pulteney Whisky Distillery in Wick. {Photograph}: Alamy

The heritage museum, unfold over a number of terrace homes, is an enthralling house for Wick’s storied previous, and all of the artefacts that made life on the sting livable. It’s a splendidly diversified assortment, with reconstructions of each room in a house circa 1900, lighthouse bulbs, wedding ceremony and funeral clothes, army uniforms, previous bone-shaker bikes, replicas of a cooperage and smiddy (blacksmith’s), and a fishing boat. There’s an excellent and huge array of pictures from the herring heyday, together with crisp photos of fishermen and gutter lasses, who ready the herrings or “silver darlings”, and the dockside heaving with tons of of 1000’s of barrels filled with salted fish.

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When the climate blows in, as it’s wont to do, there’s refuge in Mackays Lodge, a flatiron-type edifice on Ebenezer Place – apparently, the shortest avenue on the planet. It’s a type of heat, welcoming, conventional accommodations the place a traveller can discover a house from house. Its location, at a five-road crossing, is claimed to be talked about in Treasure Island; Robert Louis Stevenson got here right here as a younger man when his father was trying to assemble a breakwater. A crumbled wall-end data his failure.

The Previous Pulteney distillery – opened in 1826 and shuttered in the course of the prohibition years – is within the previous new city – whose bricks it has additional darkened with a yeasty fungus – and has seen all of Wick’s booms and busts. In a crowded market, it has prospered as the maritime whisky, and its promotional poetry guarantees a voyage “from delicate coastal chords to extra outlined salty notes”. The tour is a wealthy, tasty, revealing expertise. You go via warmth and chilly, mizzle and damp, and the wall-to-wall casks within the historic warehouse inevitably evoke these previous fishy barrels. Herring gulls dwell right here yr spherical and have been adopted by the distillers, and named. Fraser and Smokey Joe cackled as I dipped and sipped and diluted, and scented and swilled the notes of sherry, bourbon, sea and sand, wind and reminiscence.

Issues to see: John o’Groats, the Move Nation bathroom system, 8 Doorways Distillery, Thurso

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Croydon

‘Little Manhattan’ … Excessive-rises in Croydon, together with the purple and pink Saffron Sq. improvement. {Photograph}: Bloomberg/Getty Pictures

Croydon continues to be a spot London residents consult with dismissively if not outright derisively after they need to emphasise their metropolitan credentials. I say “nonetheless” as different kind of peripheral cities and boroughs – Peckham, Lewisham, Kingston – have magically migrated from embarrassing to enlightened in current a long time. Maybe Croydon is drifting centre-wards too: movies are made there, with the city standing in for New York and jap Europe, and at the same time as itself in Andrew Haigh’s All Of Us Strangers.

However Croydon owns a deep previous that may resist the frivolous putative future. Neolithic hut flooring, hut circles and hearths have been found. Historic Greek cash and Teutonic pottery have been unearthed. Named for crocuses, it was a centre of saffron cultivation. It was a large settlement on the time of the Domesday Ebook, its Surrey Avenue marketup and working by the late thirteenth century. Then got here a protracted ecclesiastical summer season when the Tudor Croydon Palace was the archbishop of Canterbury’s summer season residence and operational headquarters for managing the episcopal estates of Surrey, Middlesex and Hertfordshire; monarchs dropped in like postal staff. Immediately the constructing homes a personal ladies’ faculty. Six archbishops are buried within the graveyard of the Grade I-listed parish church, Croydon Minster. Sheldon Avenue, Laud Avenue and Cranmer Street honour the prelates. A later summer season residence was Addington Palace, an enormous Palladian manor home that’s now a marriage venue surrounded by a golf course.

Croydon was a spa city within the Nineteenth century. In 1831, Decimus Burton designed a spa and pleasure backyard off what’s now Spa Hill. The Royal Beulah Spa and Gardens, which prolonged throughout 25 acres, was visited by Queen Victoria, Charles Dickens and William Makepeace Thackeray. Throughout a tour in 1838, Johann Strauss I blew 10,000 individuals’s minds with the wild new swinging sound of the waltz. The waters of the pure saline spring had been stated to be purer than these discovered at Tub and Wells, and saltier than Cheltenham’s. The location hosted grand fetes and galas, balloon ascents, army bands, archery, a digicam obscura and circus acts. One well-known visiting tightrope walker and impresario, Pablo Fanque, is namechecked within the Beatles’ Being for the Advantage of Mr Kite!. The spa’s attraction light when the Crystal Palace was re-erected close by in 1854. Solely the Tivoli Lodge, on the former entrance, has survived.

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In December 1919, solely months after reopening the skies to civil plane, the Air Ministry determined to shut Hounslow airfield and transfer London’s customs airport to the higher amenities and placement at Croydon. Two websites on both aspect of Plough Lane – a former RAF station positioned to the west, Waddon Aerodrome positioned to the east – got over to newly based airways, which used transformed first world struggle bombers to attach London to the continent. Croydon to Paris Le Bourget turned the world’s busiest air route. By the Forties, the grass runways and lack of room for additional enlargement made the airport unsuitable for brand new, bigger airliners. In 1959, it was closed. Croydon little doubt misses the glamour of aviation, although few would swap their city for Gatwick. They’re terrestrially very nicely linked, with dozens of practice stations within the borough and intersecting strains, and the city sits on the coronary heart of a tram service. East Croydon station is busier than Liverpool Lime Avenue and Edinburgh Waverley. South Croydon bus storage is a throbbing hub. The 15-mile 68 was once one in every of London’s nice bus routes – I used to be a daily person within the mid-Eighties – in a area missing Tube strains.

‘Croydon has by no means stopped regenerating’ … Boxpark. {Photograph}: Andrew Sparkes/Alamy

A extra difficult iteration of Croydon’s cosmopolitanism is its position within the British immigration catastrophe story. Twenty-storey Lunar Home and its sister tower, Apollo Home, are the headquarters of the UK Visas and Immigration division. Close by Electrical Home, an easier-on-the-eye moderne edifice on a nook, was once house to the Border Company. Regardless of the upbeat names, the three conspired to fabricate lengthy queues of determined asylum seekers, many from repressive, totalitarian nations. The buildings are attention-grabbing when you don’t must go inside them. Croydon has been known as “Little Manhattan”, the title of a current exhibition on the native museum. There’s a brief movie and a useful abstract right here.

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Ecclesiastical, healthful, airborne, Kafkaesque: Croydon has by no means stopped regenerating. Some £5.25bn is being spent on initiatives akin to Boxpark Croydon (a copycat of a Shoreditch scheme), the London Sq. commuter block, School Street (Europe’s tallest modular tower), Carbuncle Cup-nominated Saffron Sq. and new restaurant and cultural “quarters”. At some point Kate Moss will say one thing good about her house city after which it actually will all be over.

Issues to see: Historic Croydon Airport customer centre, Museum of Croydon

Kettering

‘Fairly spectacular’ … St Peter and St Paul church’s seen from Market Place, Kettering. {Photograph}: Greg Balfour Evans/Alamy

Streamed telly and streams of vacationers appear to go collectively, fused by social media and its extraordinary capability for hype, particularly when wielded by PR corporations. Kettering is just too demure a city to shout about its qualities, however advertising businesses have sought to hijack the filming of Saltburn at Drayton Home and elements of Ridley Scott’s Napoleon at Boughton Home. A press launch claimed that since Saltburn: “Google searches for ‘Holidays in Northamptonshire’ have skilled an 11,000% enhance over the previous month, with followers determined to go to the placement the place filming came about.” If one particular person searched in December, and 110 did so in January, there’s your growth.

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The antidote to all this commotion is JL Carr, the quietly good author who labored as a trainer in South Dakota, travelled to Japan, China, Malaya and Burma and flew reconnaissance missions in west Africa within the second world struggle, earlier than taking on the publish of headmaster of Highfields major faculty, Kettering, in 1951. Biography as bathos, however Carr was a smart man. After giving up instructing he devoted his time to publishing and writing. The occasions in his best-known novel, A Month within the Nation, unfold in his native North Driving of Yorkshire, however the story was prompted when the diocese of Peterborough allowed the medieval church of St Religion’s at Newton within the Willows – 4 miles north of Kettering – to succumb to “official and personalsacking. What native vandals didn’t deface different church buildings pilfered, and archaeologists had additionally broken the construction. Carr, anxious to avoid wasting the little church that spurred his story, efficiently campaigned to forestall additional destruction, and the Grade II*-listed church was used as a area centre till 2018. Sadly, plans have been filed to show it into a personal house, regardless of issues expressed by Historic England.

Newton was as soon as the backdrop to a a lot bloodier row: on 8 June 1607, ravenous diggers and levellers rose up to withstand enclosure of frequent land by native landowners, particularly the Treshams of Rushton, a infamous Roman Catholic household. As many as 50 protesters had been killed, their leaders hung, drawn and quartered. Was this bloody repression on the thoughts of William Knibb, the Kettering-born printer turned Baptist missionary who performed a pivotal position within the abolition of slavery? Knibb travelled to Jamaica to fill a instructing publish left vacant when his brother, Thomas, died following a tropical fever. He was horrified by the remedy of enslaved individuals. Floggings had been routine and administered amid back-breaking work. He taught free and enslaved youngsters, and campaigned to make public the 20 lashes suffered by Sam Swiney, a black man condemned to work in shackles for preaching with no licence. When the governor was made conscious of the case, the magistrates who had handed the sentence had been sacked and Swiney was freed. Knibb was imprisoned for anti-slave rhetoric however continued to marketing campaign in Jamaica and Britain. In 1988 he turned the primary white man to be awarded Jamaica’s Order of Advantage; different recipients embody Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, Mary Seacole and Fidel Castro. A Baptist church stands in Kettering Free Village, Jamaica. Following the Black Lives Matter marches and the toppling of the statue of Edward Colston, there have been requires Kettering to erect a monument to commemorate William Knibb.

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A scene from Saltburn, shot at Drayton Home, close to Kettering. {Photograph}: AP

Kettering isn’t significantly well-known for anything. It was a nonconformism hotspot, however there have been a lot of these. St Peter and St Paul’s lofty spire, with its jutting crockets – to snag on clouds/heaven – is kind of spectacular. The city as soon as produced sneakers and boots for prime avenue retailers (Dolcis, FHW and Timpson), however was all the time just a few steps behind Northampton.

However maybe its attraction lies in its innocuousness. There’s a generic high quality to the place, completely encapsulated by a town-centre monument: a brief clock tower representing 100 years of the Rotary Membership. That wheel image appears to sap character. Which brings me again to Carr. He’s liable for spreading the information that his adopted city – near the middle-bottom of the decrease Midlands – was the least literary spot within the land. His personal output and small however vocal fanbase considerably disprove this notion, however dwelling in an uncelebrated, quiet place, Carr discovered time to suppose and write and ignore literary fashions. When the narrator in A Month within the Nation displays on leaving his birthplace a few years earlier than, he asks himself: “If I’d stayed there, would I all the time have been glad? No, I suppose not. Folks transfer away, get older, die, and the intense perception that there shall be one other marvellous factor round every nook fades. It’s now or by no means; we should snatch at happiness because it flies.” These brief few sentences ripple with ambivalence. If all our imagined elsewheres, together with the locations we had been born and raised, are doubtlessly sorrowful quests, house may as nicely be Kettering.

Issues to see: Rushton Triangular Lodge

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Go to to Wick assisted by Go to Scotland, with practice journey offered by Caledonian Sleeper

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